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VaxPub: Vaccine Information for the Public

Content:

  1. Vaccine-preventable human diseases
  2. Human immunization schedule
  3. Immunization of pets, domestic animals: to be coming...

Vaccine-preventable human diseases:

     The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated in 2002 that 1.4 million of deaths among children under 5 years resulted from diseases that could have been prevented by routine vaccination. This accounts for 14% of global total mortality in children under 5 years of age. The following human diseases are considered to be preventable by vaccination:

# Disease Pathogen Vaccines Dose and route More Info
1 Anthrax Bacillus anthrax Subunit vaccine 6 doses CDC
2 Diphtheria Corynebacterium diphtheria Toxoid: DTP, DT or Td >= 3 doses (i.m. route) WHO, CDC
3 Hib Haemophilus influenzae type b Hib conjugate vaccine 2-3 doses WHO, CDC
4 Hepatitis A Hepatitis A virus Inactivated virus 2 doses CDC
5 Hepatitis B Hepatitis B virus Recombinant DNA or plasma-derived vaccine 3 doses (i.m. route) WHO, CDC
6 HPV human papillomavirus (HPV) Inactivated virus 3 doses CDC
7 Influenza (Flu) Influenza viruses Inactivated virus yearly CDC
8 Jananese Encephalitis (JE)

Jananese Encephalitis virus

Inactivated virus 3-4 doses CDC
9 Measles Measles virus Live attenuated vaccine 1-2 doses (i.m. or s.c. route) WHO, CDC
10 Meningitis Neisseria meningitidis Polysaccharide (AC, AC/W135, Y), or Polysaccharide conjugated to a protein 1-3 doses WHO, CDC
11 Mumps Mumps virus Live attenuated vaccine 1 dose (s.c. route) WHO, CDC
12 Neonatal Tetanus Clostridium tetani Toxoid: DTP, DT, TT or Td >= 3 doses (i.m. route) WHO,
13 Pertussis Bordetella pertussis Inactivated whole cell wP or acellular aP >= 3 doses (i.m. route) WHO, CDC
14 Pnemococcal Disease Streptococcus pneumoniae Polysaccharide or conjugate vaccine 4 doses CDC
15 Poliomyelitis Poliovirus types 1, 2 or 3 Live oral polio vaccine (OPV), or Inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) 2-4 doses WHO, CDC
16 Rabies Rabies virus Inactivated virus 3 doses  
17 Rubella Rubella virus Live attenuated vaccine 1 dose (i.m. or s.c. route) WHO, CDC
18 Shingles Varicella zoster virus (VZV) Live attenuated vaccine 1 dose CDC
19 Smallpox Variola virus Live vaccinia virus 1 dose (skin pricking) CDC
20 Tetanus Clostridium tetani Toxoid: DTP, DT, TT or Td >= 3 doses (i.m. route) WHO, CDC
21 Tuberculosis Mycobacterium tuberculosis Bacille Calmette-Guérin vaccine (BCG), live attenuated 1 dose (i.m. route) WHO,
22 Typhoid Fever Salmonella serotype Typhi Inactivated or live live 1-4 doses CDC
23 Varicella (Chickpox) Varicella zoster virus (VZV) Live attenuated vaccine 1 dose CDC
24 Yellow Fever Yellow fever virus Live viral vaccine 1 dose (s.c. route) WHO, CDC

Notes: i.m. -- intramuscular route, s.c., -- subcutaneous route



Human Immunization Schedule:

Recommended Immunization Schedule by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) at the United States:

A Detailed Immunization Schedule: The following schedule is an example immunization plan following the above recommendatations. Vaccine immunization may vary depending on location, health, vaccine type, and availability of vaccines. Ask your doctor about specific vaccine schedule for you or your children. All informatin here is for educational purposes only.

Time Vaccines Description
Birth Hepatitis B vaccine May be given at any age for those not previously immunized
1-4 months Hepatitis B vaccine: 2nd dose  
2 months
  • DTap: Diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis vaccine
  • Hib: Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine
  • IPV: Inactivated poliovirus vaccine
  • PCV: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine
  • RV: Rotavirus vaccine
 
4 months
  • DTap: 2nd dose
  • Hib: 2nd dose
  • IPV: 2nd dose
  • PCV: 2nd dose
  • RV: 2nd dose
 
>6 months and annually Influenza (Flu)  
6 months
  • DTap: 3rd dose
  • Hib: 3rd dose
  • PCV: 3rd dose
  • RV: 3rd dose
 
6-18 months
  • Hepatitis B vaccine: 3rd dose
  • IPV: 3rd dose
 
12-15 months
  • Hib: 4th dose
  • MMR: Measles, mumps, and rubella vaccine
  • PCV: 4th dose
  • Var: Varicella (chickenpox) vaccine
The 1st dose of chickenpox vaccine may be given at any visit after first birthday.
12-23 months Hepatitis A vaccine (2 doses) The 2nd shot should be at least 6 months apart.
15-18 months DTap: 4th dose  
4-6 years
  • DTap: 5th dose
  • MMR: 2nd dose
  • IPV: 3rd dose
  • Var: 2nd dose
 
7-10 years
  • MCV4: Meningitis vaccine
 
11-12 years
  • HPV: human papillomavirus (3 doses)
  • MCV4: 2nd dose

 

 

13-18 years
  • HPV: Series
  • Tdap: Tetanus, diphtheria, and pertussis booster
  • MCV4: 3rd dose
 
College entrants MCV4: Meningitis vaccine  

References: