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Preclinical COVID-19 Vaccines

This site presents COVID-19 vaccines that are currently in preclinical research studies as of January 7, 2022.

Existing preclinical COVID-19 vaccines include:

Contents:

  1. Cell-based vaccines
  2. DNA vaccines
  3. Inactivated vaccines
  4. Live, attenuated vaccines
  5. Recombinant vector vaccines
  6. RNA vaccines
  7. Subunit vaccines
  8. Virus-Like Particle vaccines


  1. Cell-based vaccines

    1. COVID-19 cellular based vaccine by Cell Tech Pharmed
      • Manufacturer: Cell Tech Pharmed

  2. DNA vaccines

    1. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by Biosun Pharmed
      • Manufacturer: Biosun Pharmed
    2. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by Center of Genomics and Bioinformatics of Academy of Science of Uzbekistan
      • Manufacturer: Center of Genomics and Bioinformatics of Academy of Science of Uzbekistan
    3. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by Chula Vaccine Research Center
      • Manufacturer: Chula Vaccine Research Center
    4. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by Ege University
      • Manufacturer: Ege University
    5. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by Globe Biotech
      • Manufacturer: Globe Biotech Ltd.
    6. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by Immunomic Therapeutics, EpiVax, and PharmaJet
      • Manufacturer: Immunomic Therapeutics, Inc.; EpiVax, Inc.; PharmaJet
    7. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by Inserm
      • Manufacturer: Inserm
    8. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by Karolinska Institute and Cobra Biologics
      • Manufacturer: Karolinska Institute; Cobra Biologics
    9. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by Mediphage Bioceuticals and the University of Waterloo
      • Manufacturer: Mediphage Bioceuticals; University of Waterloo
    10. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by the National Institute of Chemistry of Slovenia
      • Manufacturer: National Institute of Chemistry, Slovenia
    11. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by the National Research Centre of Egypt
      • Manufacturer: National Research Centre, Egypt
    12. COVID-19 DNA vaccine by Vaccibody
      • Manufacturer: Vaccibody
    13. COVIDITY
      • Manufacturer: Scancell; University of Nottingham; Nottingham Trent University
    14. COVIGEN
      • Manufacturer: BioNet Asia
    15. COVIGENIX VAX-001
      • Manufacturer: Entos Pharmaceuticals
    16. DIOS-CoVax2
      • Manufacturer: DIOSynVax Ltd; University of Cambridge

  3. Inactivated vaccines

    1. COVID-19 inactivated vaccine by Airlangga University
      • Manufacturer: Airlangga University
    2. COVID-19 inactivated vaccine by Institute Butantan, Dynavax, and PATH
      • Manufacturer: Institute Butantan, Brazil; Dynavax; PATH
    3. COVID-19 inactivated vaccine by KM Biologics
      • Manufacturer: KM Biologics
    4. COVID-19 inactivated vaccine by Milad Pharmaceutics Co.
      • Manufacturer: Milad Pharmaceutics Co.
    5. COVID-19 inactivated vaccine by the National Research Centre of Egypt
      • Manufacturer: National Research Centre, Egypt
    6. COVID-19 inactivated vaccine by Osaka University, BIKEN, NIBIOHN
      • Manufacturer: Osaka University; BIKEN; NIBIOHN
    7. COVID-19 inactivated vaccine by Paya Fan Yakhte Alborz
      • Manufacturer: Paya Fan Yakhte Alborz
    8. COVID-19 inactivated vaccine by Selcuk University
      • Manufacturer: Selcuk University
    9. COVID-19 inactivated vaccine by Sinovac and Dynavax
      • Manufacturer: Sinovac; Dynavax
    10. COVID-19 inactivated vaccine by Valneva and Dynavax
      • Manufacturer: Valneva; Dynavax
    11. COVID-19 inactivated vaccine by Zista Kian Azma Co.
      • Manufacturer: Zista Kian Azma Co.

  4. Live, attenuated vaccines

    1. COVID-19 live, attenuated vaccine by ALtraBio and TheRex
      • Manufacturer: ALtraBio, TheRex
    2. COVID-19 live, attenuated vaccine by Indian Immunologicals Ltd and Griffith University
      • Manufacturer: Indian Immunologicals Ltd, Griffith University
    3. COVID-19 live, attenuated vaccine by Institut Pasteur Lille
      • Manufacturer: Institut Pasteur Lille, Inserm
    4. COVID-19 live, attenuated vaccine by by Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University and Acıbadem Labmed Health Services A.S.
      • Manufacturer: Mehmet Ali Aydinlar University, Acıbadem Labmed Health Services A.S.

  5. Recombinant vector vaccines

    1. 3934 Vac
      • Manufacturer: Farmacológicos Veterinarios SAC (FARVET SAC)
    2. AAVCOVID vaccine
      • Manufacturer: Massachusetts Eye and Ear; Massachusetts General Hospital; AveXis
    3. CoraVax
      • Manufacturer: Bharat Biotech; Thomas Jefferson University
    4. COVID-19 intranasal live viral vectored vaccine by BiOCAD and IEM
      • Manufacturer: BiOCAD and IEM
    5. COVID-19 measles vector vaccine by DZIF – German Center for Infection Research and CanVirex AG
      • Manufacturer: DZIF – German Center for Infection Research; CanVirex AG
    6. COVID-19 measles vector vaccine by FBRI SRC VB VECTOR
      • Manufacturer: FBRI SRC VB VECTOR, Rospotrebnadzor, Koltsovo
    7. COVID-19 measles vector vaccine by Cadila Healthcare Limited
      • Manufacturer: Cadila Healthcare Limited
    8. COVID-19 Intranasal Newcastle disease virus vector vaccine expressing the wild-type RBD protein by Farmacológicos Veterinarios SAC
      • Manufacturer: Farmacológicos Veterinarios SAC (FARVET SAC)
    9. COVID-19 Intranasal Newcastle disease virus vector vaccine expressing the wild-type S1 protein by Farmacológicos Veterinarios SAC
      • Manufacturer: Farmacológicos Veterinarios SAC (FARVET SAC)
    10. COVID-19 Intranasal recombinant vector vaccine by FBRI SRC VB VECTOR
      • Manufacturer: FBRI SRC VB VECTOR, Rospotrebnadzor, Koltsovo
    11. COVID-19 Newcastle disease virus vector vaccine expressing the wild-type S protein by Icahn School of Medicine
      • Manufacturer: Icahn School of Medicine
    12. COVID-19 Newcastle disease virus vector vaccine expressing the membrane-anchored S protein by Icahn School of Medicine
      • Manufacturer: Icahn School of Medicine
    13. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by AIOVA
      • Manufacturer: AIOVA
    14. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Ankara University
      • Manufacturer: Ankara University
    15. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Aurobindo
      • Manufacturer: Aurobindo
    16. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Centro Nacional Biotecnología
      • Manufacturer: Centro Nacional Biotecnología, Spain
    17. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Chengdu Kanghua Biological Products Co., Ltd.
      • Manufacturer: Chengdu Kanghua Biological Products Co., Ltd.
    18. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Erciyes University
      • Manufacturer: Erciyes University
    19. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Fundação Oswaldo Cruz and Instituto Buntantan
      • Manufacturer: Fundação Oswaldo Cruz; Instituto Buntantan
    20. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Greffex
      • Manufacturer: Greffex
    21. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Home Iman Zist Fanavar
      • Manufacturer: Home Iman Zist Fanavar
    22. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by IAVI and Merck
      • Manufacturer: IAVI and Merck
    23. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by ID Pharma
      • Manufacturer: ID Pharma
    24. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by IDIBAPS-Hospital Clinic
      • Manufacturer: IDIBAPS-Hospital Clinic, Spain
    25. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Intravacc, Wageningen Bioveterinary Research, and Utrecht University
      • Manufacturer: Intravacc; Wageningen Bioveterinary Research; Utrecht University
    26. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by KU Leuven
      • Manufacturer: KU Leuven
    27. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Lancaster University
      • Manufacturer: Lancaster University, UK
    28. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by the National Research Centre of Egypt
      • Manufacturer: National Research Centre, Egypt
    29. COVID-19 recombinant adenovirus vector (type 5) vaccine by Pasteur Institute
      • Manufacturer: Pasteur Institute
    30. COVID-19 recombinant adenovirus vector (ChAdOx1) vaccine by Pasteur Institute
      • Manufacturer: Pasteur Institute
    31. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Sorbonne University
      • Manufacturer: Sorbonne University
    32. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Theravectys – Institut Pasteur
      • Manufacturer: Theravectys – Institut Pasteur
    33. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by University of Helsinki and University of Eastern Finland
      • Manufacturer: University of Helsinki; University of Eastern Finland
    34. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by University of Hong Kong
      • Manufacturer: University of Hong Kong
    35. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by University of Manitoba
      • Manufacturer: University of Manitoba
    36. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by University of Western Ontario
      • Manufacturer: University of Western Ontario
    37. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by UW–Madison, FluGen, and Bharat Biotech
      • Manufacturer: University of Wisconsin–Madison; FluGen; Bharat Biotech
    38. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Valo Therapeutics
      • Manufacturer: Valo Therapeutics Ltd.
    39. COVID-19 recombinant vector vaccine by Vaxart
      • Manufacturer: Vaxart
    40. COVID-19 VSV vector vaccine by FBRI SRC VB VECTOR
      • Manufacturer: FBRI SRC VB VECTOR, Rospotrebnadzor, Koltsovo
    41. GEO-CM01 vaccine
      • Manufacturer: GeoVax; BravoVax
    42. OraPro-COVID-19 vaccine
      • Manufacturer: Stabilitech Biopharma Ltd.
    43. PIV5-based COVID-19 vaccine
      • Manufacturer: University of Georgia; University of Iowa
    44. TNX-1800 vaccine
      • Manufacturer: Tonix Pharma; Southern Research
    45. VIR4VAC COVID-19 vaccine
      • Manufacturer: Max-Planck-Institute of Biochemistry

  6. RNA vaccines

    1. BANCOVID
      • Manufacturer: Globe Biotech Ltd.
    2. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by BIOCAD
      • Manufacturer: BIOCAD
    3. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by CanSino Biologics and Precision NanoSystems
      • Manufacturer: CanSino Biologics; Precision NanoSystems
    4. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by CEA
      • Manufacturer: CEA
    5. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by Cell Tech Pharmed
      • Manufacturer: Cell Tech Pharmed
    6. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by Centro Nacional Biotecnología
      • Manufacturer: Centro Nacional Biotecnología, Spain
    7. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by China CDC, Tongji University, and Stermina
      • Manufacturer: China CDC; Tongji University; Stermina
    8. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by eTheRNA
      • Manufacturer: eTheRNA
    9. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by FBRI SRC VB VECTOR
      • Manufacturer: FBRI SRC VB VECTOR, Rospotrebnadzor, Koltsovo
    10. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by Gennova
      • Manufacturer: Gennova
    11. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by Greenlight Biosciences
      • Manufacturer: Greenlight Biosciences
    12. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by IDIBAPS-Hospital Clinic
      • Manufacturer: IDIBAPS-Hospital Clinic, Spain
    13. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by Infectious Disease Research Institute and Amyris, Inc.
      • Manufacturer: Infectious Disease Research Institute; Amyris, Inc.
    14. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by Max-Planck-Institute of Colloids and Interfaces
      • Manufacturer: Max-Planck-Institute of Colloids and Interfaces
    15. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by Medigen Vaccines Biologics Corp and Vaxess Technologies
      • Manufacturer: Medigen Vaccines Biologics Corp, Vaxess Technologies
    16. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by Providence Therapeutics
      • Manufacturer: Providence Therapeutics
    17. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by ReNAP Co.
      • Manufacturer: ReNAP Co.
    18. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by Selcuk University
      • Manufacturer: Selcuk University
    19. COVID-19 RNA vaccine by University of Tokyo and Daiichi-Sankyo
      • Manufacturer: University of Tokyo; Daiichi-Sankyo
    20. COVID-19 RNA vaccine encoding RBD by Fudan University, Shanghai JiaoTong University, and RNACure Biopharma
      • Manufacturer: Fudan University; Shanghai JiaoTong University; RNACure Biopharma
    21. COVID-19 RNA vaccine encoding VLP by Fudan University, Shanghai JiaoTong University, and RNACure Biopharma
      • Manufacturer: Fudan University; Shanghai JiaoTong University; RNACure Biopharma
    22. MRT5500
      • Manufacturer: Sanofi; Translate Bio
    23. RV1730
      • Manufacturer: RNAimmune, Inc.
    24. ZIP-1642
      • Manufacturer: Ziphius Vaccines; Ghent University

  7. Subunit vaccines

    1. ACvac1
      • Manufacturer: Axon Neuroscience SE
    2. CorVax
      • Manufacturer: Vaxil Bio
    3. CoVepiT
      • Manufacturer: OSE immunotherapeutics
    4. COVID-19 nanoparticle vaccine by LakePharma
      • Manufacturer: LakePharma, Inc.
    5. COVID-19 OMV-based vaccine by BiOMViS Srl and University of Trento
      • Manufacturer: BiOMViS Srl; University of Trento
    6. COVID-19 OMV-based vaccine by Quadram Institute Biosciences
      • Manufacturer: Quadram Institute Biosciences
    7. COVID-19 plant-based protein subunit vaccine by Baiya Phytopharm and Chula Vaccine Research Center
      • Manufacturer: Baiya Phytopharm; Chula Vaccine Research Center
    8. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by ACM Biosciences
      • Manufacturer: ACM Biosciences
    9. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by AdaptVac
      • Manufacturer: AdaptVac
    10. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Akdeniz University
      • Manufacturer: Akdeniz University
    11. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by AJ Vaccines
      • Manufacturer: AJ Vaccines
    12. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by AnyGo Technology
      • Manufacturer: AnyGo Technology
      • Publications:
        • Ren et al. Recombinant SARS-CoV-2 spike S1-Fc fusion protein induced high levels of neutralizing responses in nonhuman primates. Vaccine. 2020; 38(35); 5653-5658. [PubMed: 32651113].
    13. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Applied Biotechnology Institute
      • Manufacturer: Applied Biotechnology Institute, Inc.
    14. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Ataturk University
      • Manufacturer: Ataturk University
    15. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Baylor College of Medicine
      • Manufacturer: Baylor College of Medicine
    16. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Bio Farma and Baylor College of Medicine
      • Manufacturer: Bio Farma, Baylor College of Medicine
    17. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Biological E. Limited
      • Manufacturer: Biological E. Limited
    18. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Biosun Pharmed
      • Manufacturer: Biosun Pharmed
    19. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Bogazici University
      • Manufacturer: Bogazici University
    20. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by CEA and CNRS
      • Manufacturer: CEA; CNRS
    21. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Center for Advanced Technologies in Uzbekistan
      • Manufacturer: Center for Advanced Technologies, Uzbekistan
    22. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Chulalongkorn University and Thailand GPO
      • Manufacturer: Chulalongkorn University; Thailand GPO
    23. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by CinnaGen Co
      • Manufacturer: CinnaGen Co
    24. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by EpiVax and University of Georgia
      • Manufacturer: EpiVax, University of Georgia
    25. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by ExpreS2ion
      • Manufacturer: ExpreS2ion
    26. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Farmacológicos Veterinarios SAC and Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
      • Manufacturer: Farmacológicos Veterinarios SAC, Peru; Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia
    27. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by FBRI SRC VB VECTOR
      • Manufacturer: FBRI SRC VB VECTOR, Rospotrebnadzor, Koltsovo
    28. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by FSUE SPbSRIVS FMBA of Russia
      • Manufacturer: FSUE SPbSRIVS FMBA of Russia
    29. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Generex and EpiVax
      • Manufacturer: Generex; EpiVax
    30. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Hacettepe University
      • Manufacturer: Hacettepe University
    31. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Helix Biogen Consult, Ogbomoso
      • Manufacturer: Helix Biogen Consult, Ogbomoso, Nigeria
      • Publications:
        • Oladipo et al. Exploration of surface glycoprotein to design multi-epitope vaccine for the prevention of Covid-19. Inform Med Unlocked. 2020; 21; 100438. [PubMed: 33043110].
    32. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by iBio and CC-Pharming
      • Manufacturer: iBio/CC-Pharming
    33. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by ImmunoPrecise and LiteVax BV
      • Manufacturer: ImmunoPrecise; LiteVax BV
    34. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Intravacc and Epivax
      • Manufacturer: Intravacc; Epivax
    35. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Iran
      • Manufacturer: Iran
    36. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Izmir Biomedicine and Genome Center
      • Manufacturer: Izmir Biomedicine and Genome Center
    37. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Kazakh National Agrarian University
      • Manufacturer: Kazakh National Agrarian University
    38. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Kazakh National Agrarian University and National Scientific Center for Especially Dangerous Infections
      • Manufacturer: Kazakh National Agrarian University; National Scientific Center for Especially Dangerous Infections
    39. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by LinkinVax, VRI, and Inserm
      • Manufacturer: LinkinVax, VRI, Inserm
    40. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Lomonosov Moscow State University
      • Manufacturer: Lomonosov Moscow State University
    41. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Marmara University
      • Manufacturer: Marmara University
    42. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Max-Planck-Institute of Colloids and Interfaces
      • Manufacturer: Max-Planck-Institute of Colloids and Interfaces
    43. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by MIGAL Galilee Research Institute
      • Manufacturer: MIGAL Galilee Research Institute
    44. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by MOGAM Institute for Biomedical Research and GC Pharma
      • Manufacturer: MOGAM Institute for Biomedical Research; GC Pharma
    45. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Mynvax
      • Manufacturer: Mynvax
    46. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Nanografi Nano Technology, Middle East Technical University, and Ankara University
      • Manufacturer: Nanografi Nano Technology; Middle East Technical University; Ankara University
    47. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by National Research Centre of Egypt
      • Manufacturer: National Research Centre, Egypt
    48. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Neovii and Tel Aviv University
      • Manufacturer: Neovii, Tel Aviv University
    49. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Ohio State University and Kazakh National Agrarian University
      • Manufacturer: Ohio State University; Kazakh National Agrarian University
    50. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by OncoGen
      • Manufacturer: OncoGen
    51. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Osaka University, BIKEN, and National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation
      • Manufacturer: Osaka University; BIKEN; National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Japan
    52. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Pharmada Pharmaceuticals
      • Manufacturer: Pharmada Pharmaceuticals
    53. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Rahpouyan Fanavar Sadegh
      • Manufacturer: Rahpouyan Fanavar Sadegh
    54. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Saint-Petersburg Scientific Research Institute of Vaccines and Serums
      • Manufacturer: Saint-Petersburg Scientific Research Institute of Vaccines and Serums
    55. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Shionogi, National Institute of Infectious Disease, and UMN Pharma
      • Manufacturer: Shionogi; National Institute of Infectious Disease, Japan; UMN Pharma
    56. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Tampere University
      • Manufacturer: Tampere University
    57. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by University of Alberta
      • Manufacturer: University of Alberta
    58. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by University of San Martin and CONICET
      • Manufacturer: University of San Martin; CONICET, Argentina
    59. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by University of Virginia
      • Manufacturer: University of Virginia
    60. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Vabiotech, Vietnam, and University of Bristol
      • Manufacturer: Vabiotech, Vietnam, and University of Bristol
    61. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Vaxinano, CEA, and INRAE
      • Manufacturer: Vaxinano; CEA; INRAE
    62. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by VIDO-InterVac and University of Saskatchewan
      • Manufacturer: VIDO-InterVac; University of Saskatchewan
    63. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by WRAIR and USAMRIID
      • Manufacturer: WRAIR; USAMRIID
    64. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Yıldız Technical University
      • Manufacturer: Yıldız Technical University
    65. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Yisheng Biopharma
      • Manufacturer: Yisheng Biopharma
    66. COVID-19 protein subunit vaccine by Zist Salak
      • Manufacturer: Zist Salak
    67. COVID-19 XWG-03
      • Manufacturer: Innovax, Xiamen University, GSK
    68. DPX-COVID-19
      • Manufacturer: IMV Inc.
    69. EPV-CoV19
      • Manufacturer: EpiVax
    70. FlowVax COVID-19
      • Manufacturer: Flow Pharma Inc.
    71. gp96-Ig-S vaccine
      • Manufacturer: Heat Biologics, University of Miami
    72. NYVAC-KC
      • Manufacturer: Arizona State University
    73. PBIMA-SOLVx COVID-19
      • Manufacturer: Neo7Logix
    74. PittCoVacc
      • Manufacturer: University of Pittsburgh
      • Publications:
        • Kim et al. Microneedle array delivered recombinant coronavirus vaccines: Immunogenicity and rapid translational development. EBioMedicine. 2020; 55; 102743. [PubMed: 32249203].
    75. TerraCoV2
      • Manufacturer: Oragenics Inc, NRC Canada, Biodextris, Inc.

  8. Virus-Like Particle vaccines

    1. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine (Myxoma virus) by Arizona State University
      • Manufacturer: Arizona State University
    2. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine (plasmid) by Arizona State University
      • Manufacturer: Arizona State University
    3. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by ARTES Biotechnology
      • Manufacturer: ARTES Biotechnology
    4. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by Berna Biotech Pharma
      • Manufacturer: Berna Biotech Pharma
    5. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by Bezmialem Vakif University
      • Manufacturer: Bezmialem Vakif University
    6. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by Doherty Institute
      • Manufacturer: Doherty Institute
    7. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by Imophoron Ltd and Bristol University’s Max Planck Centre
      • Manufacturer: Imophoron Ltd.; Bristol University’s Max Planck Centre
    8. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by IrsiCaixa AIDS Research, IRTA-CReSA, Barcelona Supercomputing Centre, and Grifols
      • Manufacturer: IrsiCaixa AIDS Research; IRTA-CReSA; Barcelona Supercomputing Centre; Grifols
    9. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by Mahidol University, Government Pharmaceutical Organization, and Siriraj Hospital
      • Manufacturer: Mahidol University; Government Pharmaceutical Organization (GPO); Siriraj Hospital
    10. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems
      • Manufacturer: Max Planck Institute for Dynamics of Complex Technical Systems
    11. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by Navarrabiomed
      • Manufacturer: Navarrabiomed
    12. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by OSIVAX
      • Manufacturer: OSIVAX
    13. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by Saiba
      • Manufacturer: Saiba GmbH
    14. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by Shiraz University
      • Manufacturer: Shiraz University
      • Publications:
        • Ghorbani et al. Development of a novel platform of virus-like particle (VLP) based vaccine against coronavirus 2019 (SARS-CoV-2) by exposing of epitopes: an immunoinformatics approach. New Microbes New Infect. 2020; 100786; . [PubMed: 33072338].
    15. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by Tampere University
      • Manufacturer: Tampere University
    16. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by University of Manitoba
      • Manufacturer: University of Manitoba
    17. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by University of Sao Paulo
      • Manufacturer: University of Sao Paulo
    18. COVID-19 virus-like particle vaccine by VBI Vaccines
      • Manufacturer: VBI Vaccines Inc.

Provenance: All data in Cov19VaxKB originates from manual curation of reliable resources.

Note: The page was updated on January 7, 2022. We plan to update this page on a weekly or even a daily basis. Please provide us with any new information that you believe would be useful if included on the website.