VIOLIN Logo
VO Banner
Search: for Help
About
Introduction
Statistics
VIOLIN News
Your VIOLIN
Register or Login
Submission
Tutorial
Vaccine & Components
Vaxquery
Vaxgen
VBLAST
Protegen
VirmugenDB
DNAVaxDB
CanVaxKB
Vaxjo
Vaxvec
Vevax
Huvax
Vaccine Mechanisms
Vaximmutordb
Vaxism
Vaxar
Vaccine Literature
VO-SciMiner
Litesearch
Vaxmesh
Vaxlert
Vaccine Design
Vaxign
Community Efforts
Vaccine Ontology
ICoVax 2012
ICoVax 2013
Advisory Committee
Vaccine Society
Vaxperts
VaxPub
VaxCom
VaxLaw
VaxMedia
VaxMeet
VaxFund
VaxCareer
Data Exchange
V-Utilities
VIOLINML
Help & Documents
Publications
Documents
FAQs
Links
Acknowledgements
Disclaimer
Contact Us
UMMS Logo

Haemophilus somnus

Table of Contents
  1. General Information
    1. NCBI Taxonomy ID
    2. Introduction
    3. Host Ranges and Animal Models
  2. Vaccine Information
    1. Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 40A5.20)
    2. Bovine Rhinotracheitis Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 45H5.20)
    3. Bovine Rhinotracheitis Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 45H5.21)
    4. Bovine Rhinotracheitis Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida-Salmonella Typhimurium Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 4109.20)
    5. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Parainfluenza 3 Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 4139.20)
    6. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 43S5.20)
    7. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida-Salmonella Typhimurium Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 43T5.20)
    8. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3 Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Campylobacter Fetus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 4489.30)
    9. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C5.20)
    10. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C7.20)
    11. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44D5.20)
    12. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D7.20)
    13. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D7.22)
    14. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica Bacterin (USDA: 4477.20)
    15. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live & Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44F9.20)
    16. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C9.20)
    17. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C9.21)
    18. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C9.23)
    19. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C9.24)
    20. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D9.20)
    21. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D9.21)
    22. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D9.23)
    23. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D9.24)
    24. Bovine Virus Diarrhea Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 4C95.20)
  3. References
I. General Information
1. NCBI Taxonomy ID:
731
2. Introduction
Haemophilus somnus is a small, rod-shaped, gram-negative pleomorphic coccobacillus, (derived from the word cocci meaning “spherical shaped” and bacilli meaning “elongated”), with gram stain morphology similar to other species in this genus (as well as other genera of family Pasteurellaceae) . It is an encapsulated, non acid-fast, and non-motile organism with no observable flagella or pili for motility. First discovered in 1960, H. somnus was described as a “haemophillus-like organism” that caused infectious meningo-encephalitis (IME) of feedlot cattle in California and was also believed to be the infectious agent that caused the reported bovine central nervous system disease in Colorado of 1956. Although the organism does not produce a capsule, which is associated with the pathogenic properties of many bacteria, under certain conditions it does form an exopolysaccharide (slime layer). H. somnus can be either opportunistic pathogens or commensal of bovine mucosal surfaces. The bacteria commonly lives in the upper respiratory tract, prepuce and vagina of cattle and can also be found circulating in the bloodstream. H. somnus typically colonize in the respiratory tract, reproductive tract, and circulatory system of many herd animals such as cattle, sheep, and American bison. Cattle infections caused by this bacteria have been reported in many parts of the world including North and South America, Europe, Russia, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, and Zimbabwe. Having the bacteria’s genome sequenced is useful because it can be compared to virulent strains to aid in the development of protective strategies and vaccines for cattle against diseases caused by H. somnus. H. somnus is a parasitic organism that typically lives as a commensal organism in its host. It is commonly found in upper respiratory tract, prepuce and vagina of cattle and can also be found circulating in the bloodstream. Like many haemophilus species, such as Haemophilus influenzae, H. somnus is a pathogen and is the cause of many fatal bovine diseases. They take over many of the host’s mechanisms in order to survive. Haemophilus somnus causes a wide variety of diseases ranging from pneumonia, abortion, arthritis, myocarditis, and septimia in cattle, sheep, and American bison. It is able to spread throughout cattle herds undetected until symptoms begin to occur. There are 3 primary forms that H. somnus is able to assume: reproductive tract, urinary tract, respiratory tract form (Microbe Wiki: H. somnus).
3. Host Ranges and Animal Models
Cattle, sheep, and American bison (Microbe Wiki: H. somnus).
II. Vaccine Information
1. Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 40A5.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0002205
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
2. Bovine Rhinotracheitis Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 45H5.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Texas Vet Lab, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001877
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
3. Bovine Rhinotracheitis Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 45H5.21)
a. Manufacturer:
Texas Vet Lab, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001878
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
4. Bovine Rhinotracheitis Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida-Salmonella Typhimurium Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 4109.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Texas Vet Lab, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001879
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
5. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Parainfluenza 3 Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 4139.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001891
c. Type:
Live, attenuated vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
6. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 43S5.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Texas Vet Lab, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001905
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
7. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida-Salmonella Typhimurium Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 43T5.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Texas Vet Lab, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001906
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
8. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3 Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Campylobacter Fetus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 4489.30)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001933
c. Type:
Live, attenuated vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
9. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C5.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Novartis Animal Health US, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001956
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
10. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C7.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Wyeth
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001957
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
11. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44D5.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001958
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
12. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D7.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Wyeth, Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc., Novartis Animal Health US, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001959
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
13. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D7.22)
a. Manufacturer:
Novartis Animal Health US, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001960
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
14. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica Bacterin (USDA: 4477.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Wyeth
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001961
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
15. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live & Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44F9.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001977
c. Type:
Live, attenuated vaccine; Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
16. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C9.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc., Pfizer, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001986
c. Type:
Live, attenuated vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
17. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C9.21)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001987
c. Type:
Live, attenuated vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
18. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C9.23)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001988
c. Type:
Live, attenuated vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
19. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus Bacterin (USDA: 44C9.24)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001989
c. Type:
Live, attenuated vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
20. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D9.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001990
c. Type:
Live, attenuated vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
21. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D9.21)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001991
c. Type:
Live, attenuated vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
22. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D9.23)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001992
c. Type:
Live, attenuated vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
23. Bovine Rhinotracheitis-Virus Diarrhea-Parainfluenza 3-Respiratory Syncytial Virus Modified Live Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Leptospira Canicola-Grippotyphosa-Hardjo-Icterohaemorrhagiae-Pomona Bacterin (USDA: 44D9.24)
a. Manufacturer:
Boehringer Ingelheim Vetmedica, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0001993
c. Type:
Live, attenuated vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
24. Bovine Virus Diarrhea Killed Virus Vaccine-Haemophilus Somnus-Mannheimia Haemolytica-Pasteurella Multocida Bacterin-Toxoid (USDA: 4C95.20)
a. Manufacturer:
Texas Vet Lab, Inc.
b. Vaccine Ontology ID:
VO_0002024
c. Type:
Inactivated or "killed" vaccine
d. Status:
Licensed
e. Location Licensed:
USA
f. Host Species for Licensed Use:
Cattle
III. References
1. Microbe Wiki: H. somnus: Microbe Wiki: Haemophilus somnus [http://microbewiki.kenyon.edu/index.php/Haemophilus_somnus]