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VIOLIN Statistics

Currently, VIOLIN includes 3251 vaccines or vaccine candidates for 200 pathogens or non-infectious diseases (e.g., cancer). See detailed curated data:

Index Pathogen Name Disease No. of Vaccines No. of Licensed Vaccines No. of Vaccine-related
pathogen genes
No. of Vaccine-related
host genes
No. of References
Bacteria
G+ Bacteria
1 Bacillus anthracis Anthrax 26 4 16 0 45
2 Clostridium botulinum Botulism 18 8 7 0 21
3 Clostridium perfringens Food poisioning, Gas gangrene 6 6 0 0 0
4 Clostridium tetani Tetanus 60 57 2 0 17
5 Corynebacterium diphtheriae Diphtheria 22 22 1 0 16
6 Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae Erysipelas 29 28 1 0 3
7 Listeria monocytogenes Listeriosis 4 0 4 1 8
8 Mycobacterium avium 2 0 1 4 3
9 Mycobacterium marinum 1 0 1 0 2
10 Mycobacterium tuberculosis Tuberculosis 43 2 42 39 79
11 Staphylococcus aureus Staph infections 8 0 7 2 11
12 Streptococcus agalactiae Group B streptococcus (GBS) infection 4 0 4 0 7
13 Streptococcus equi Strangles (also equine distemper) 5 2 7 1 9
14 Streptococcus pneumoniae Pneumonia 17 6 13 0 25
15 Streptococcus pyogenes Group A streptococcal infections, Strep throat, Scarlet fever 6 0 5 2 8
G- Bacteria
16 Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae porcine pleuropneumonia 11 2 16 2 16
17 Aeromonas hydrophila 1 0 1 0 2
18 Aeromonas salmonicida Furunculosis, Bald sea urchin disease 3 2 3 0 6
19 Bordetella avium Bordetellosis 2 2 0 0 2
20 Bordetella bronchiseptica Infectious bronchitis, kennel cough 10 6 5 5 7
21 Bordetella pertussis Whooping Cough 24 15 14 0 23
22 Borrelia burgdorferi Lyme Disease 14 6 5 0 6
23 Brucella spp. Brucellosis 60 7 46 9 119
24 Burkholderia pseudomallei Melioidosis 7 0 8 1 7
25 Campylobacter fetus bovine venereal campylobacteriosis (BVC) 17 17 0 0 0
26 Campylobacter jejuni Campylobacterosis 11 0 10 2 32
27 Chlamydia muridarum 10 0 10 3 7
28 Chlamydia trachomatis Chlamydia 2 0 1 0 3
29 Chlamydophila abortus Abortion and fetal death 10 1 10 1 5
30 Chlamydophila pneumoniae Pneumonia 6 0 6 2 6
31 Chlamydophila psittaci Respiratory psittacosis, avian chlamydiosis 18 17 3 0 4
32 Coxiella burnetii Q fever 6 0 2 1 30
33 Edwardsiella ictaluri Enteric septicemia of channel catfish (ESC) 2 1 1 1 3
34 Edwardsiella tarda 7 0 8 0 5
35 Escherichia coli Hemorrhagic colitis 40 14 25 4 42
36 Flavobacterium columnare Columnaris 1 1 0 0 1
37 Francisella tularensis Tularemia 25 1 24 15 31
38 Haemophilus influenzae Meningitis 30 11 15 3 59
39 Haemophilus parasuis Glasser's disease 4 3 1 0 2
40 Haemophilus somnus 24 24 0 0 1
41 Helicobacter pylori Ulcers 10 0 9 0 11
42 Lawsonia intracellularis Lawsonia intracellularis infection 4 4 0 0 3
43 Leptospira spp. Leptospirosis 132 130 2 0 3
44 Mannheimia haemolytica Bovine Respiratory Disease 16 15 1 0 2
45 Mycoplasma gallisepticum Chronic respiratory disease 14 12 2 1 5
46 Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae Porcine Enzootic Pneumonia 10 10 1 0 2
47 Mycoplasma synoviae Respiratory tract disease and synovitis 1 1 0 0 1
48 Neisseria meningitidis Meningitis 18 9 24 0 19
49 Pasteurella multocida Pasteurellosis, fowl cholera 21 17 4 2 5
50 Piscirickettsia salmonis Salmon Rickettsial Disease, Piscirickettsiosis 1 1 0 0 1
51 Porphyromonas gulae Canine periodontitis 1 1 0 0 1
52 Pseudomonas aeruginosa Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection 10 4 4 0 7
53 Rickettsia spp Spotted Fever, Typhus 2 0 3 1 6
54 Riemerella anatipestifer New duck disease, Infectious serositis, Pasteurella anatipestifer infection 1 1 0 0 1
55 Salmonella spp. Salmonellosis 62 19 61 13 57
56 Shigella Shigellosis 22 2 14 4 25
57 Treponema pallidum Syphilis 3 0 3 0 6
58 Vibrio anguillarum (Listonella anguillarum) Vibrosis 2 2 1 0 2
59 Vibrio cholerae Cholera 4 2 4 2 6
60 Yersinia enterocolitica Yersiniosis 5 0 5 2 6
61 Yersinia pestis Plague 27 2 36 1 57
62 Yersinia pseudotuberculosis Yersiniosis 1 0 2 0 4
63 Yersinia ruckeri Enteric redmouth disease 2 1 1 0 3
Viruses
64 Adenovirus Respiratory infection 1 1 0 0 2
65 African Swine Fever Virus African Swine Fever 1 0 1 0 2
66 Avian Encephalomyelitis Virus Avian Encephalomyelitis 13 13 0 0 3
67 Avian Paramyxovirus 4 3 0 0 2
68 Avian pneumovirus Turkey rhinotracheitis, Avian rhinotracheitis, Swollen head syndrome 2 1 1 0 1
69 Avian Polyomavirus Papovavirus, Budgerigar fledgling disease, Psittacine polyomavirus 1 1 0 0 1
70 Avian Reovirus Viral Arthritis, Pale Bird Syndrome, Tenosynovitis 36 36 0 0 1
71 Bluetongue virus Bluetongue disesase 1 1 0 0 2
72 Bovine coronavirus 5 5 0 0 0
73 Bovine herpesvirus 1 Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis 159 146 9 0 22
74 Bovine Leukemia virus 1 0 1 0 3
75 Bovine papillomavirus Warts 1 1 0 0 0
76 Bovine Parainfluenza 3 Virus (BPIV-3) 108 108 0 0 1
77 Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus Respiratory Disease 55 53 2 0 4
78 Bovine viral diarrhea virus 1 Bovine viral Diarrhea (BVD) 129 128 0 0 2
79 Bovine viral diarrhea virus 2 Bovine viral diarrhea 1 0 1 0 3
80 Canarypox virus Canary Pox 1 1 0 0 0
81 Canine adenovirus type 1 Fox Encephalitis, Infectious Canine Hepatitis 3 3 0 0 1
82 Canine Adenovirus Type 2 57 57 0 0 1
83 Canine coronavirus Intestinal disease 41 41 0 0 2
84 Canine distemper virus Canine distemper 77 75 2 0 3
85 Canine parainfluenza virus 56 56 0 0 1
86 Canine parvovirus Canine parvovirus infection 68 66 2 1 3
87 Chicken Anemia Virus Chicken infectious anemia, Blue wing disease, Anemia dermatitis syndrome, Hemorrhagic aplastic anemi 3 3 0 0 1
88 Classical swine fever virus Classical swine fever, hog cholera 11 3 7 0 11
89 Dengue Virus Dengue Fever 16 0 9 0 15
90 Duck enteritis virus Duck Plague 1 1 0 0 1
91 Duck hepatitis virus 1 Duck virus hepatitis (DVH) 2 1 1 0 2
92 Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus Encephalitis 38 38 0 0 1
93 Ebola virus Ebola hemorrhagic fever 20 0 16 0 23
94 Equid herpesvirus Equine Rhinopneumonitis 23 20 3 0 3
95 Equine arteritis virus Equine arteritis 1 1 0 0 0
96 Equine rotavirus Rotaviral Diarrhea 1 1 0 0 1
97 Feline calicivirus Feline Respiratory Infections 34 34 0 0 1
98 Feline herpesvirus 1 Feline viral rhinotracheitis 34 33 1 0 2
99 Feline immunodeficiency virus Feline AIDS 6 3 2 0 3
100 Feline infectious peritonitis virus Feline infectious peritonitis (FIP) 3 1 5 0 2
101 Feline leukemia virus Feline leukemia virus infection 17 16 3 0 3
102 Feline panleukopenia virus Feline Distemper 32 32 0 0 2
103 Foot-and-mouth disease virus Foot-and-mouth disease 4 0 8 0 5
104 Fowlpox virus Fowlpox 20 20 0 0 2
105 Gallid herpesvirus 1 Avian infectious laryngotracheitis, Fowl Laryngotracheitis 14 10 5 0 5
106 Hantavirus Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome 12 0 11 2 14
107 Hendra virus Hendra virus disease 1 0 1 0 2
108 Hepatitis A virus Hepatitis A 8 8 1 0 9
109 Hepatitis B virus Hepatitis B 20 7 10 0 33
110 Hepatitis C virus Hepatitis C 0 0 1 0 1
111 Hepatitis D virus 1 0 1 0 2
112 Hepatitis E virus Hepatitis E 0 0 1 0 2
113 Herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 Herpes 27 0 18 1 33
114 Hirame rhabdovirus 3 1 2 0 3
115 Human coxsackievirus 1 0 1 0 2
116 Human cytomegalovirus 2 0 2 0 2
117 Human Immunodeficiency Virus Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) 28 0 52 13 94
118 Human metapneumovirus Respiratory tract infection 2 0 2 0 2
119 Human Papillomavirus HPV infection 12 2 5 0 10
120 Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus Respiratory tract disease 3 0 3 0 4
121 Infectious Bronchitis Virus (IBV) Infectious Bronchitis 87 83 3 0 6
122 Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV) Infectious Bursal Disease 87 84 2 0 3
123 Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus Infectious hematopoietic necrosis 7 1 3 0 8
124 Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus 1 0 2 0 2
125 Infectious salmon anemia virus Infectious Salmon Anemia 1 1 0 0 2
126 Influenza virus Influenza (flu) 153 89 52 102 101
127 Japanese encephalitis virus Japanese encephalitis 10 2 7 1 8
128 Lassa Fever Virus Lassa fever 13 0 3 0 8
129 Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus Lymphocytic choriomeningitis 1 0 2 0 1
130 Marburg Virus Hemorrhagic fever 16 0 18 0 12
131 Marek's disease virus Marek's disease 53 51 2 0 3
132 Measles virus Measles 13 9 5 1 13
133 Mink enteritis virus Mink Enteritis 10 10 0 0 1
134 Mumps virus Mumps 6 5 1 0 5
135 Murine Cytomegalovirus 2 0 3 0 3
136 Murine leukemia virus 0 0 1 0 1
137 Newcastle disease virus Newcastle disease 97 95 3 0 4
138 Nipah virus Nipah virus disease 1 0 2 0 3
139 Orf Virus Orf disease, Sore mouth (Ovine Ecthyma) 2 2 0 0 1
140 Parainfluenza virus 0 0 2 0 1
141 Pigeonpox virus Pigeon Pox 3 3 0 0 1
142 Poliovirus Polio 13 13 1 0 8
143 Porcine circovirus 2 Postweaning multisystemic wasting syndrome 8 7 1 2 4
144 Porcine parvovirus SMEDI, reproductive failure 19 19 0 0 0
145 Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus Porcine Reproductive and Respiratory Syndrome (PRRS), Blue-Ear Pig Disease 17 10 6 0 7
146 Porcine rotavirus Diarrhea 2 2 0 0 1
147 Pseudorabies virus Aujeszky's disease 16 6 16 3 17
148 Psittacid herpesvirus 1 Pacheco's Parrot Disease 1 1 0 0 2
149 Rabbit hemorrhagic disease virus Rabbit hemorrhagic disease 1 0 1 0 2
150 Rabies virus Rabies 27 20 6 0 16
151 Reticuloendotheliosis Virus Tumors, wasting syndrome 1 0 3 0 0
152 Rift Valley Fever virus Rift valley fever 1 0 2 0 3
153 Rotavirus Gastroenteritis 13 9 8 2 11
154 Rubella virus Rubella 6 6 0 0 4
155 SARS-CoV Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) 2 0 2 0 4
156 Simian Immunodeficiency Virus Simian AIDS 3 0 3 0 9
157 Sindbis virus Encephalitis 1 0 1 0 1
158 Tick-borne Encephalitis Virus (TBEV) Tick-borne Encephalitis 3 1 2 0 3
159 Transmissible gastroenteritis virus Porcine transmissible gastroenteritis 5 5 0 0 0
160 Turkey hemorrhagic enteritis virus Hemorrhagic enteritis 1 1 0 0 1
161 Vaccinia virus 6 0 9 0 6
162 Varicella-zoster virus chickenpox / shingles 7 6 2 0 8
163 Variola virus Smallpox 14 2 17 0 34
164 VEE Virus Venezuelan equine encephalitis 30 15 6 0 44
165 Viral haemorrhagic septicaemia virus 3 0 2 0 3
166 West Nile virus West Nile fever 20 18 3 1 7
167 Western equine encephalomyelitis virus Western equine encephalomyelitis (WEE) 43 38 5 0 5
168 Yellow fever virus Yellow fever 3 1 2 65 10
Parasites
169 Babesia bovis Babesiosis, Texas Cattle Fever 2 0 4 0 6
170 Babesia canis Piroplasmosis 1 1 0 0 2
171 Cryptosporidium parvum Cryptosporidiosis 2 0 2 2 3
172 Eimeria maxima Coccidiosis 4 1 2 2 4
173 Eimeria spp. Coccidiosis 11 8 1 0 4
174 Eimeria tenella Hemorrhagic cecal coccidiosis 7 0 5 0 7
175 Entamoeba histolytica Amoebiasis 4 0 4 0 5
176 Giardia duodenalis Giardiasis (Beaver fever) 3 2 1 0 4
177 Leishmania amazonensis Leishmaniasis 4 0 5 0 5
178 Leishmania donovani Visceral leishmaniasis 15 1 13 4 16
179 Leishmania infantum Infantile visceral leishmaniasis 6 0 6 1 6
180 Leishmania major Cutaneous leishmaniasis 8 0 11 0 11
181 Neospora caninum Neosporosis 10 2 8 0 11
182 Plasmodium spp. Malaria 36 0 43 0 118
183 Sarcocystis neurona Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis 2 1 1 0 3
184 Schistosoma japonicum Schistosomiasis 7 0 5 0 5
185 Schistosoma mansoni Schistosomiasis 4 0 4 0 4
186 Theileria annulata Theileriosis 3 0 2 0 5
187 Theileria parva East Coast Fever 2 0 1 0 3
188 Toxoplasma gondii Toxoplasmosis 14 0 19 5 17
189 Trichomonas foetus 2 2 0 0 1
190 Trypanosoma brucei African trypanosomiasis (African Sleeping Sickness) 2 0 2 0 3
191 Trypanosoma cruzi Chagas disease 14 0 16 0 17
Fungi
192 Coccidioides spp. Coccidioidomycosis (California disease, Desert rheumatism, San Joaquin valley fever, and Valley fev 4 0 9 0 9
Other diseases
193 Allergy Allergy 1 0 16 0 18
194 Arthritis 4 0 4 6 6
195 Atherosclerosis Atherosclerosis, arteriosclerotic vascular disease (ASVD) 2 0 0 0 3
196 Cancer Cancer 56 3 74 0 215
197 Diabetes Diabetes 4 0 5 0 9
198 Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) 1 0 3 0 11
199 Experimental autoimmune uveitis Experimental autoimmune uveitis 1 0 2 0 2
200 Ricin toxin of Ricinus communis Ricin poisoning 0 0 1 0 2
Total 200 3251 2165 1170 338 2194

Also, the VIOLIN database contains 24,345 abstracts and 10,317 full text PDF documents for 24,345 vaccine-related papers downloaded from PubMed.

Note: This table is automatically updated to reflect updated statistics in the VIOLIN database.