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VIOLIN Curated References

Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

  1. Byrd et al., 1992: Byrd W, Harmon BG, Kadis S. Protective efficacy of conjugate vaccines against experimental challenge with porcine Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Veterinary immunology and immunopathology. 1992; 34(3-4); 307-324. [PubMed: 1455686].
  2. Chiang et al., 2009: Chiang CH, Huang WF, Huang LP, Lin SF, Yang WJ. Immunogenicity and protective efficacy of ApxIA and ApxIIA DNA vaccine against Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae lethal challenge in murine model. Vaccine. 2009; 27(34); 4565-4570. [PubMed: 19520199].
  3. Chiers et al., 1998: Chiers K, van Overbeke I, De Laender P, Ducatelle R, Carel S, Haesebrouck F. Effects of endobronchial challenge with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 9 of pigs vaccinated with inactivated vaccines containing the Apx toxins. The Veterinary quarterly. 1998; 20(2); 65-69. [PubMed: 9563163].
  4. Haesebrouck et al., 2004: Haesebrouck F, Pasmans F, Chiers K, Maes D, Ducatelle R, Decostere A. Efficacy of vaccines against bacterial diseases in swine: what can we expect?. Veterinary microbiology. 2004; 100(3-4); 255-268. [PubMed: 15145504].
  5. Ingham et al., 2002: Ingham A, Zhang Y, Prideaux C. Attenuation of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae by inactivation of aroQ. Veterinary microbiology. 2002; 84(3); 263-273. [PubMed: 11731178].
  6. Kim et al., 2010: Kim JM, Jung DI, Eom YJ, Park SM, Yoo HS, Jang YS, Yang MS, Kim DH. Surface-displayed expression of a neutralizing epitope of ApxIIA exotoxin in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and oral administration of it for protective immune responses against challenge by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry. 2010; 74(7); 1362-1367. [PubMed: 20622458].
  7. Lee et al., 2006: Lee KY, Kim DH, Kang TJ, Kim J, Chung GH, Yoo HS, Arntzen CJ, Yang MS, Jang YS. Induction of protective immune responses against the challenge of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae by the oral administration of transgenic tobacco plant expressing ApxIIA toxin from the bacteria. FEMS immunology and medical microbiology. 2006; 48(3); 381-389. [PubMed: 17054716].
  8. Li et al., 2008: Li L, Zhou R, Li T, Kang M, Wan Y, Xu Z, Chen H. Enhanced biofilm formation and reduced virulence of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae luxS mutant. Microbial pathogenesis. 2008; 45(3); 192-200. [PubMed: 18585450].
  9. Liu et al., 2007: Liu J, Chen X, Lin L, Tan C, Chen Y, Guo Y, Jin M, Guo A, Bei W, Chen H. Potential use an Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae double mutant strain DeltaapxIICDeltaapxIVA as live vaccine that allows serological differentiation between vaccinated and infected animals. Vaccine. 2007; 25(44); 7696-7705. [PubMed: 17767980].
  10. Park et al., 2009: Park C, Ha Y, Kim S, Chae C, Ryu DY. Construction and characterization of an Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 2 mutant lacking the Apx toxin secretion protein genes apxIIIB and apxIIID. The Journal of veterinary medical science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science. 2009; 71(10); 1317-1323. [PubMed: 19887737].
  11. Prideaux et al., 1998: Prideaux CT, Pierce L, Krywult J, Hodgson AL. Protection of mice against challenge with homologous and heterologous serovars of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae after live vaccination. Current microbiology. 1998; 37(5); 324-332. [PubMed: 9767712].
  12. Prideaux et al., 1999: Prideaux CT, Lenghaus C, Krywult J, Hodgson AL. Vaccination and protection of pigs against pleuropneumonia with a vaccine strain of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae produced by site-specific mutagenesis of the ApxII operon. Infection and immunity. 1999; 67(4); 1962-1966. [PubMed: 10085043].
  13. Shin et al., 2007: Shin SJ, Shin SW, Kang ML, Lee DY, Yang MS, Jang YS, Yoo HS. Enhancement of protective immune responses by oral vaccination with Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing recombinant Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae ApxIA or ApxIIA in mice. Journal of veterinary science. 2007; 8(4); 383-392. [PubMed: 17993753].
  14. Shin et al., 2013: Shin MK, Kang ML, Jung MH, Cha SB, Lee WJ, Kim JM, Kim DH, Yoo HS. Induction of protective immune responses against challenge of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae by oral administration with Saccharomyces cerevisiae expressing Apx toxins in pigs. Veterinary immunology and immunopathology. 2013; 151(1-2); 132-139. [PubMed: 23206402].
  15. ThePigSite Pig Health: Actinobacillus Pleuropneumonia (App) []
  16. Tonpitak et al., 2002: Tonpitak W, Baltes N, Hennig-Pauka I, Gerlach GF. Construction of an Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 2 prototype live negative-marker vaccine. Infection and immunity. 2002; 70(12); 7120-7125. [PubMed: 12438394].
  17. Van et al., 2001: Van Overbeke I, Chiers K, Ducatelle R, Haesebrouck F. Effect of endobronchial challenge with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serotype 9 of pigs vaccinated with a vaccine containing Apx toxins and transferrin-binding proteins. Journal of veterinary medicine. B, Infectious diseases and veterinary public health. 2001; 48(1); 15-20. [PubMed: 11254095].
  18. Xu et al., 2006: Xu F, Chen X, Shi A, Yang B, Wang J, Li Y, Guo X, Blackall PJ, Yang H. Characterization and immunogenicity of an apxIA mutant of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. Veterinary microbiology. 2006; 118(3-4); 230-239. [PubMed: 16930871].
  19. Xu et al., 2007: Xu FZ, Shi AH, Chen XL, Yang B, Wang JL. [Construction and immunogenicity of an attenuated mutant of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae by insertional inactivation of apxIC]. Wei sheng wu xue bao = Acta microbiologica Sinica. 2007; 47(5); 923-927. [PubMed: 18062275].


  1. Baden et al., 2014: Baden LR, Walsh SR, Seaman MS, Johnson JA, Tucker RP, Kleinjan JA, Gothing JA, Engelson BA, Carey BR, Oza A, Bajimaya S, Peter L, Bleckwehl C, Abbink P, Pau MG, Weijtens M, Kunchai M, Swann EM, Wolff M, Dolin R, Barouch DH. First-in-Human Evaluation of a Hexon Chimeric Adenovirus Vector Expressing HIV-1 Env (IPCAVD 002). The Journal of infectious diseases. 2014; ; . [PubMed: 24719474].
  2. FDA: Adenovirus Vaccine: FDA: Adenovirus Vaccine []
  3. Harrison, 2010: Harrison SC. Virology. Looking inside adenovirus. Science (New York, N.Y.). 2010; 329(5995); 1026-1027. [PubMed: 20798308].
  4. Kim et al., 2014: Kim E, Okada K, Beeler JA, Crim RL, Piedra PA, Gilbert BE, Gambotto A. Development of an adenovirus-based respiratory syncytial virus vaccine: preclinical evaluation of efficacy, immunogenicity, and enhanced disease in a cotton rat model. Journal of virology. 2014; 88(9); 5100-5108. [PubMed: 24574396].
  5. Tompkins et al., 2007: Tompkins SM, Zhao ZS, Lo CY, Misplon JA, Liu T, Ye Z, Hogan RJ, Wu Z, Benton KA, Tumpey TM, Epstein SL. Matrix protein 2 vaccination and protection against influenza viruses, including subtype H5N1. Emerging infectious diseases. 2007; 13(3); 426-435. [PubMed: 17552096].

Aeromonas hydrophila

  1. Hernanz et al., 1998: Hernanz Moral C, Flaño del Castillo E, López Fierro P, Villena Cortés A, Anguita Castillo J, Cascón Soriano A, Sánchez Salazar M, Razquín Peralta B, Naharro Carrasco G. Molecular characterization of the Aeromonas hydrophila aroA gene and potential use of an auxotrophic aroA mutant as a live attenuated vaccine. Infection and immunity. 1998; 66(5); 1813-1821. [PubMed: 9573055].
  2. Liu et al., 2015: Liu L, Gong YX, Zhu B, Liu GL, Wang GX, Ling F. Effect of a new recombinant Aeromonas hydrophila vaccine on the grass carp intestinal microbiota and correlations with immunological responses. Fish & shellfish immunology. 2015; ; . [PubMed: 25862971].
  3. Mu et al., 2011: Mu W, Guan L, Yan Y, Liu Q, Zhang Y. A novel in vivo inducible expression system in Edwardsiella tarda for potential application in bacterial polyvalence vaccine. Fish & shellfish immunology. 2011; 31(6); 1097-1105. [PubMed: 21964456].
  4. Wiki: Aeromonas Hydrophila: Aeromonas Hydrophila []

Aeromonas salmonicida

  1. Gudmundsdottir et al., 1997: BJARNHEIDUR K. GUDMUNDSDÓTTIR, BERGLJÓT MAGNADÓTTIR. Protection of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salarL.) against an experimental infection ofAeromonas salmonicidassp.achromogenes. Fish & shellfish immunology. 1997; 7(1); 55-69.
  2. Lund et al., 2003: Lund V, Espelid S, Mikkelsen H. Vaccine efficacy in spotted wolffish Anarhichas minor: relationship to molecular variation in A-layer protein of atypical Aeromonas salmonicida. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 2003; 56(1); 31-42. [PubMed: 14524499].
  3. Sundvold et al., 2010: Sundvold H, Ruyter B, Ostbye TK, Moen T. Identification of a novel allele of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) and its association with resistance to Aeromonas salmonicida in Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Fish & shellfish immunology. 2010; 28(2); 394-400. [PubMed: 20004720].
  4. USGS Fish Disease Leaflets: Furunculosis and Other Diseases Caused by Aeromonas Salmonicida []
  5. Vaughan et al., 1993: Vaughan LM, Smith PR, Foster TJ. An aromatic-dependent mutant of the fish pathogen Aeromonas salmonicida is attenuated in fish and is effective as a live vaccine against the salmonid disease furunculosis. Infection and immunity. 1993; 61(5); 2172-2181. [PubMed: 8478107].
  6. Wiki: Aeromonas salmonicida: Aeromonas salmonicida []

African horse sickness virus

  1. Castillo-Olivares et al., 2011: Castillo-Olivares J, Calvo-Pinilla E, Casanova I, Bachanek-Bankowska K, Chiam R, Maan S, Nieto JM, Ortego J, Mertens PP. A modified vaccinia Ankara virus (MVA) vaccine expressing African horse sickness virus (AHSV) VP2 protects against AHSV challenge in an IFNAR -/- mouse model. PloS one. 2011; 6(1); e16503. [PubMed: 21298069].
  2. Guthrie et al., 2009: Guthrie AJ, Quan M, Lourens CW, Audonnet JC, Minke JM, Yao J, He L, Nordgren R, Gardner IA, Maclachlan NJ. Protective immunization of horses with a recombinant canarypox virus vectored vaccine co-expressing genes encoding the outer capsid proteins of African horse sickness virus. Vaccine. 2009; 27(33); 4434-4438. [PubMed: 19490959].

African Swine Fever Virus

  1. Argilaguet et al., 2011: Argilaguet JM, Pérez-Martín E, Gallardo C, Salguero FJ, Borrego B, Lacasta A, Accensi F, Díaz I, Nofrarías M, Pujols J, Blanco E, Pérez-Filgueira M, Escribano JM, Rodríguez F. Enhancing DNA immunization by targeting ASFV antigens to SLA-II bearing cells. Vaccine. 2011; 29(33); 5379-5385. [PubMed: 21679736].
  2. Argilaguet et al., 2013: Argilaguet JM, Pérez-Martín E, López S, Goethe M, Escribano JM, Giesow K, Keil GM, Rodríguez F. BacMam immunization partially protects pigs against sublethal challenge with African swine fever virus. Antiviral research. 2013; 98(1); 61-65. [PubMed: 23428670].
  3. Lewis et al., 2000: Lewis T, Zsak L, Burrage TG, Lu Z, Kutish GF, Neilan JG, Rock DL. An African swine fever virus ERV1-ALR homologue, 9GL, affects virion maturation and viral growth in macrophages and viral virulence in swine. Journal of virology. 2000; 74(3); 1275-1285. [PubMed: 10627538].
  4. Sanchez-Vizcaino et al., 2012: Sanchez-Vizcaino JM, Mur L, Martinez-Lopez B. African Swine Fever: An Epidemiological Update. Transboundary and emerging diseases. 2012; ; . [PubMed: 22225967].


  1. Ballantyne et al., 2007: Ballantyne SJ, Barlow JL, Jolin HE, Nath P, Williams AS, Chung KF, Sturton G, Wong SH, McKenzie AN. Blocking IL-25 prevents airway hyperresponsiveness in allergic asthma. The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology. 2007; 120(6); 1324-1331. [PubMed: 17889290].
  2. Bilsborough et al., 2008: Bilsborough J, Chadwick E, Mudri S, Ye X, Henderson WR Jr, Waggie K, Hebb L, Shin J, Rixon M, Gross JA, Dillon SR. TACI-Ig prevents the development of airway hyperresponsiveness in a murine model of asthma. Clinical and experimental allergy : journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2008; 38(12); 1959-1968. [PubMed: 19037968].
  3. Chuang et al., 2006: Chuang YH, Suen JL, Chiang BL. Fas-ligand-expressing adenovirus-transfected dendritic cells decrease allergen-specific T cells and airway inflammation in a murine model of asthma. Journal of molecular medicine (Berlin, Germany). 2006; 84(7); 595-603. [PubMed: 16565865].
  4. Edwan and Agrawal, 2007: Edwan JH, Agrawal DK. Flt3-ligand plasmid prevents the development of pathophysiological features of chronic asthma in a mouse model. Immunologic research. 2007; 37(2); 147-159. [PubMed: 17695249].
  5. Eigenmann et al., 2008: Eigenmann PA, Asigbetse KE, Frossard CP. Avirulant Salmonella typhimurium strains prevent food allergy in mice. Clinical and experimental immunology. 2008; 151(3); 546-553. [PubMed: 18190606].
  6. Focke et al., 2001: Focke M, Mahler V, Ball T, Sperr WR, Majlesi Y, Valent P, Kraft D, Valenta R. Nonanaphylactic synthetic peptides derived from B cell epitopes of the major grass pollen allergen, Phl p 1, for allergy vaccination. The FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology. 2001; 15(11); 2042-2044. [PubMed: 11511525].
  7. Gómez et al., 2008: Gómez S, Gamazo C, San Roman B, Ferrer M, Sanz ML, Espuelas S, Irache JM. Allergen immunotherapy with nanoparticles containing lipopolysaccharide from Brucella ovis. European journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V. 2008; 70(3); 711-717. [PubMed: 18582571].
  8. Keane-Myers et al., 1998: Keane-Myers AM, Gause WC, Finkelman FD, Xhou XD, Wills-Karp M. Development of murine allergic asthma is dependent upon B7-2 costimulation. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 1998; 160(2); 1036-1043. [PubMed: 9551945].
  9. Liu et al., 2009: Liu X, Li M, Wu Y, Zhou Y, Zeng L, Huang T. Anti-IL-33 antibody treatment inhibits airway inflammation in a murine model of allergic asthma. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2009; 386(1); 181-185. [PubMed: 19508862].
  10. Maecker et al., 2001: Maecker HT, Hansen G, Walter DM, DeKruyff RH, Levy S, Umetsu DT. Vaccination with allergen-IL-18 fusion DNA protects against, and reverses established, airway hyperreactivity in a murine asthma model. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2001; 166(2); 959-965. [PubMed: 11145673].
  11. Nagashima et al., 2008: Nagashima O, Harada N, Usui Y, Yamazaki T, Yagita H, Okumura K, Takahashi K, Akiba H. B7-H3 contributes to the development of pathogenic Th2 cells in a murine model of asthma. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2008; 181(6); 4062-4071. [PubMed: 18768862].
  12. Peng et al., 2004: Peng HJ, Tsai LC, Su SN, Chang ZN, Shen HD, Chao PL, Kuo SW, Tsao IY, Hung MW. Comparison of different adjuvants of protein and DNA vaccination for the prophylaxis of IgE antibody formation. Vaccine. 2004; 22(5-6); 755-761. [PubMed: 14741169].
  13. Polte et al., 2006: Polte T, Foell J, Werner C, Hoymann HG, Braun A, Burdach S, Mittler RS, Hansen G. CD137-mediated immunotherapy for allergic asthma. The Journal of clinical investigation. 2006; 116(4); 1025-1036. [PubMed: 16528411].
  14. Simoes et al., 2008: Simoes DC, Vassilakopoulos T, Toumpanakis D, Petrochilou K, Roussos C, Papapetropoulos A. Angiopoietin-1 protects against airway inflammation and hyperreactivity in asthma. American journal of respiratory and critical care medicine. 2008; 177(12); 1314-1321. [PubMed: 18356565].
  15. Wang et al., 2008: Wang SY, Yang M, Xu XP, Qiu GF, Ma J, Wang SJ, Huang XX, Xu HX. Intranasal delivery of T-bet modulates the profile of helper T cell immune responses in experimental asthma. Journal of investigational allergology & clinical immunology : official organ of the International Association of Asthmology (INTERASMA) and Sociedad Latinoamericana de Alergia e Inmunologia. 2008; 18(5); 357-365. [PubMed: 18973099].
  16. Westritschnig et al., 2004: Westritschnig K, Focke M, Verdino P, Goessler W, Keller W, Twardosz A, Mari A, Horak F, Wiedermann U, Hartl A, Thalhamer J, Sperr WR, Valent P, Valenta R. Generation of an allergy vaccine by disruption of the three-dimensional structure of the cross-reactive calcium-binding allergen, Phl p 7. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2004; 172(9); 5684-5692. [PubMed: 15100313].
  17. Westritschnig et al., 2007: Westritschnig K, Linhart B, Focke-Tejkl M, Pavkov T, Keller W, Ball T, Mari A, Hartl A, Stöcklinger A, Scheiblhofer S, Thalhamer J, Ferreira F, Vieths S, Vogel L, Böhm A, Valent P, Valenta R. A hypoallergenic vaccine obtained by tail-to-head restructuring of timothy grass pollen profilin, Phl p 12, for the treatment of cross-sensitization to profilin. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2007; 179(11); 7624-7634. [PubMed: 18025208].
  18. Wiki: Allergy: Allergy []


  1. Ho et al., 2006: Ho PP, Higgins JP, Kidd BA, Tomooka B, Digennaro C, Lee LY, de Vegvar HE, Steinman L, Robinson WH. Tolerizing DNA vaccines for autoimmune arthritis. Autoimmunity. 2006; 39(8); 675-682. [PubMed: 17178564].
  2. Mayo Clinic - Arthritis: Arthritis []
  3. Quintana et al., 2002: Quintana FJ, Carmi P, Mor F, Cohen IR. Inhibition of adjuvant arthritis by a DNA vaccine encoding human heat shock protein 60. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2002; 169(6); 3422-3428. [PubMed: 12218165].
  4. Ragno et al., 1997: Ragno S, Colston MJ, Lowrie DB, Winrow VR, Blake DR, Tascon R. Protection of rats from adjuvant arthritis by immunization with naked DNA encoding for mycobacterial heat shock protein 65. Arthritis and rheumatism. 1997; 40(2); 277-283. [PubMed: 9041939].
  5. Santos-Junior et al., 2005: Santos-Junior RR, Sartori A, De Franco M, Filho OG, Coelho-Castelo AA, Bonato VL, Cabrera WH, Ibañez OM, Silva CL. Immunomodulation and protection induced by DNA-hsp65 vaccination in an animal model of arthritis. Human gene therapy. 2005; 16(11); 1338-1345. [PubMed: 16259568].
  6. Song et al., 2009: Song X, Liang F, Liu N, Luo Y, Xue H, Yuan F, Tan L, Sun Y, Xi C, Xi Y. Construction and characterization of a novel DNA vaccine that is potent antigen-specific tolerizing therapy for experimental arthritis by increasing CD4+CD25+Treg cells and inducing Th1 to Th2 shift in both cells and cytokines. Vaccine. 2009; 27(5); 690-700. [PubMed: 19095031].
  7. Xue et al., 2011: Xue H, Liang F, Liu N, Song X, Yuan F, Luo Y, Zhao X, Long J, Sun Y, Xi Y. Potent antirheumatic activity of a new DNA vaccine targeted to B7-2/CD28 costimulatory signaling pathway in autoimmune arthritis. Human gene therapy. 2011; 22(1); 65-76. [PubMed: 20695769].


  1. Chyu et al., 2005: Chyu KY, Zhao X, Reyes OS, Babbidge SM, Dimayuga PC, Yano J, Cercek B, Fredrikson GN, Nilsson J, Shah PK. Immunization using an Apo B-100 related epitope reduces atherosclerosis and plaque inflammation in hypercholesterolemic apo E (-/-) mice. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2005; 338(4); 1982-1989. [PubMed: 16288717].
  2. Fredrikson et al., 2005: Fredrikson GN, Andersson L, Söderberg I, Dimayuga P, Chyu KY, Shah PK, Nilsson J. Atheroprotective immunization with MDA-modified apo B-100 peptide sequences is associated with activation of Th2 specific antibody expression. Autoimmunity. 2005; 38(2); 171-179. [PubMed: 16040338].
  3. Jan et al., 2010: Jan M, Meng S, Chen NC, Mai J, Wang H, Yang XF. Inflammatory and autoimmune reactions in atherosclerosis and vaccine design informatics. Journal of biomedicine & biotechnology. 2010; 2010; 459798. [PubMed: 20414374].

Avian Encephalomyelitis Virus

  1. AE-Poxine: AE-Poxine vaccine website []
  2. Calneck, B. W., 2003: Bruce N. Calneck. Avian Encephalomyelitis. 271-281. Diseases of poultry, 11th ed. 2003. Iowa State University Press, Ames, IA.
  3. Marvil et al., 1999: Marvil P, Knowles NJ, Mockett AP, Britton P, Brown TD, Cavanagh D. Avian encephalomyelitis virus is a picornavirus and is most closely related to hepatitis A virus. The Journal of general virology. 1999; 80 ( Pt 3); 653-662. [PubMed: 10092005].

Avian Paramyxovirus

  1. Beck et al., 2003: Beck I, Gerlach H, Burkhardt E, Kaleta EF. Investigation of several selected adjuvants regarding their efficacy and side effects for the production of a vaccine for parakeets to prevent a disease caused by a paramyxovirus type 3. Vaccine. 2003; 21(9-10); 1006-1022. [PubMed: 12547615].
  2. Wiki: Avain paramyxovirus: Wiki: Avain paramyxovirus []

Avian pneumovirus

  1. Kapczynski and Sellers, 2003: Kapczynski DR, Sellers HS. Immunization of turkeys with a DNA vaccine expressing either the F or N gene of avian metapneumovirus. Avian diseases. 2003; 47(4); 1376-1383. [PubMed: 14708985].
  2. Merck Vet Manual: Avian Pneumovirus: Merck Vet Manual: Avian Pneumovirus []

Avian Polyomavirus

  1. Merck Vet Manual: Avian Polyomavirus: Merck Vet Manual: Avian Polyomavirus []

Avian Reovirus

  1. Avian Reovirus Infections: Avian Reovirus Infections []
  2. Wan et al., 2011: Wan J, Wang C, Wen X, Huang X, Ling S, Huang Y, Cao S. Immunogenicity of a DNA vaccine of Avian Reovirus orally delivered by attenuated Salmonella typhimurium. Research in veterinary science. 2011; 91(3); 382-383. [PubMed: 20947110].
  3. Wan et al., 2012: Wan J, Wen X, Huang X, Tang Y, Huang Y, Yan Q, Zhao Q, Cao S. Immunogenic analysis of two DNA vaccines of avian reovirus mediated by attenuated Salmonella typhimurium in chickens. Veterinary immunology and immunopathology. 2012; 147(3-4); 154-160. [PubMed: 22575372].

Babesia bovis

  1. Brown et al., 1993: Brown WC, Palmer GH, McElwain TF, Hines SA, Dobbelaere DA. Babesia bovis: characterization of the T helper cell response against the 42-kDa merozoite surface antigen (MSA-1) in cattle. Experimental parasitology. 1993; 77(1); 97-9110. [PubMed: 8344411].
  2. Brown et al., 1996: Brown WC, McElwain TF, Ruef BJ, Suarez CE, Shkap V, Chitko-McKown CG, Tuo W, Rice-Ficht AC, Palmer GH. Babesia bovis rhoptry-associated protein 1 is immunodominant for T helper cells of immune cattle and contains T-cell epitopes conserved among geographically distant B. bovis strains. Infection and immunity. 1996; 64(8); 3341-3350. [PubMed: 8757873].
  3. de and Combrink, 2006: de Waal DT, Combrink MP. Live vaccines against bovine babesiosis. Veterinary parasitology. 2006; 138(1-2); 88-96. [PubMed: 16504404].
  4. Norimine et al., 2004: Norimine J, Mosqueda J, Palmer GH, Lewin HA, Brown WC. Conservation of Babesia bovis small heat shock protein (Hsp20) among strains and definition of T helper cell epitopes recognized by cattle with diverse major histocompatibility complex class II haplotypes. Infection and immunity. 2004; 72(2); 1096-1106. [PubMed: 14742557].
  5. Wiki: Babesia bovis: Babesia bovis []
  6. Wright et al., 1992: Wright IG, Casu R, Commins MA, Dalrymple BP, Gale KR, Goodger BV, Riddles PW, Waltisbuhl DJ, Abetz I, Berrie DA. The development of a recombinant Babesia vaccine. Veterinary parasitology. 1992; 44(1-2); 3-13. [PubMed: 1441189].

Babesia canis

  1. Moreau et al., 1989: Moreau Y, Vidor E, Bissuel G, Dubreuil N. Vaccination against canine babesiosis: an overview of field observations. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 1989; 83 Suppl; 95-96. [PubMed: 2623757].
  2. Pet Babesia canis: Babesia canis: The Cause of Piroplasmosis []

Bacillus anthracis

  1. Bielinska et al., 2007: Bielinska AU, Janczak KW, Landers JJ, Makidon P, Sower LE, Peterson JW, Baker JR Jr. Mucosal immunization with a novel nanoemulsion-based recombinant anthrax protective antigen vaccine protects against Bacillus anthracis spore challenge. Infection and immunity. 2007; 75(8); 4020-4029. [PubMed: 17502384].
  2. Brey, 2005: Brey RN. Molecular basis for improved anthrax vaccines. Advanced drug delivery reviews. 2005 Jun 17; 57(9); 1266-92. [PubMed: 15935874].
  3. CDC, 2000: Use of anthrax vaccine in the United States: recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) []
  4. Chabot et al., 2004: Chabot DJ, Scorpio A, Tobery SA, Little SF, Norris SL, Friedlander AM. Anthrax capsule vaccine protects against experimental infection. Vaccine. 2004 Nov 15; 23(1); 43-7. [PubMed: 15519706].
  5. Chekanov et al., 2006: Chekanov AV, Remacle AG, Golubkov VS, Akatov VS, Sikora S, Savinov AY, Fugere M, Day R, Rozanov DV, Strongin AY. Both PA63 and PA83 are endocytosed within an anthrax protective antigen mixed heptamer: a putative mechanism to overcome a furin deficiency. Archives of biochemistry and biophysics. 2006 Feb 1; 446(1); 52-9. [PubMed: 16384550].
  6. Chitlaru et al., 2007: Chitlaru T, Gat O, Grosfeld H, Inbar I, Gozlan Y, Shafferman A. Identification of in vivo-expressed immunogenic proteins by serological proteome analysis of the Bacillus anthracis secretome. Infection and immunity. 2007; 75(6); 2841-2852. [PubMed: 17353282].
  7. Coeshott et al., 2004: Coeshott CM, Smithson SL, Verderber E, Samaniego A, Blonder JM, Rosenthal GJ, Westerink MA. Pluronic F127-based systemic vaccine delivery systems. Vaccine. 2004 Jun 23; 22(19); 2396-405. [PubMed: 15193401].
  8. Coker et al., 2003: Coker PR, Smith KL, Fellows PF, Rybachuck G, Kousoulas KG, Hugh-Jones ME. Bacillus anthracis virulence in Guinea pigs vaccinated with anthrax vaccine adsorbed is linked to plasmid quantities and clonality. Journal of clinical microbiology. 2003 Mar; 41(3); 1212-8. [PubMed: 12624053].
  9. Cui et al., 2006: Cui Z, Sloat BR. Topical immunization onto mouse skin using a microemulsion incorporated with an anthrax protective antigen protein-encoding plasmid. International journal of pharmaceutics. 2006 Jul 24; 317(2); 187-91. [PubMed: 16730934 ].
  10. FDA: Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed: FDA: Anthrax Vaccine Adsorbed for Bacillus anthracis []
  11. Flick-Smith et al., 2002: Flick-Smith HC, Walker NJ, Gibson P, Bullifent H, Hayward S, Miller J, Titball RW, Williamson ED. A recombinant carboxy-terminal domain of the protective antigen of Bacillus anthracis protects mice against anthrax infection. Infection and immunity. 2002 Mar; 70(3); 1653-6. [PubMed: 11854261].
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Bluetongue virus

  1. Boone et al., 2007: Boone JD, Balasuriya UB, Karaca K, Audonnet JC, Yao J, He L, Nordgren R, Monaco F, Savini G, Gardner IA, Maclachlan NJ. Recombinant canarypox virus vaccine co-expressing genes encoding the VP2 and VP5 outer capsid proteins of bluetongue virus induces high level protection in sheep. Vaccine. 2007; 25(4); 672-678. [PubMed: 17059856].
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Bordetella avium

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Bordetella bronchiseptica

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Bordetella pertussis

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  2. Cainelli et al., 2007: Cainelli Gebara VC, Risoléo L, Lopes AP, Ferreira VR, Quintilio W, Lépine F, Silva WD, Raw I. Adjuvant and immunogenic activities of the 73kDa N-terminal alpha-domain of BrkA autotransporter and Cpn60/60kDa chaperonin of Bordetella pertussis. Vaccine. 2007; 25(4); 621-629. [PubMed: 17011680].
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  4. FDA: Adacel: FDA: Adacel []
  5. FDA: Boostrix: FDA: Boostrix []
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  17. Lee et al., 1999: Lee SF, March RJ, Halperin SA, Faulkner G, Gao L. Surface expression of a protective recombinant pertussis toxin S1 subunit fragment in Streptococcus gordonii. Infection and immunity. 1999; 67(3); 1511-1516. [PubMed: 10024603].
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  20. Nascimento et al., 2008: Nascimento IP, Dias WO, Quintilio W, Christ AP, Moraes JF, Vancetto MD, Ribeiro-Dos-Santos G, Raw I, Leite LC. Neonatal immunization with a single dose of recombinant BCG expressing subunit S1 from pertussis toxin induces complete protection against Bordetella pertussis intracerebral challenge. Microbes and infection / Institut Pasteur. 2008; 10(2); 198-202. [PubMed: 18248757].
  21. Novotny et al., 1985: Novotny P, Chubb AP, Cownley K, Montaraz JA, Beesley JE. Bordetella adenylate cyclase: a genus specific protective antigen and virulence factor. Developments in biological standardization. 1985; 61; 27-41. [PubMed: 2872113].
  22. Novotny et al., 1991: Novotny P, Chubb AP, Cownley K, Charles IG. Biologic and protective properties of the 69-kDa outer membrane protein of Bordetella pertussis: a novel formulation for an acellular pertussis vaccine. The Journal of infectious diseases. 1991; 164(1); 114-122. [PubMed: 2056199].
  23. Roberts et al., 1990: Roberts M, Maskell D, Novotny P, Dougan G. Construction and characterization in vivo of Bordetella pertussis aroA mutants. Infection and immunity. 1990; 58(3); 732-739. [PubMed: 2407655].
  24. Salyers and Whitt., 2002: Abigail A. Salyers, Dixie D. Whitt. Bordetella pertussis. 263-73. Bacterial Pathogenesis: A Molecular Approach. 2002. ASM Press, Washington D.C. USA.
  25. Sato and Sato, 1984: Sato H, Sato Y. Bordetella pertussis infection in mice: correlation of specific antibodies against two antigens, pertussis toxin, and filamentous hemagglutinin with mouse protectivity in an intracerebral or aerosol challenge system. Infection and immunity. 1984; 46(2); 415-421. [PubMed: 6542069].
  26. Sukumar et al., 2007: Sukumar N, Mishra M, Sloan GP, Ogi T, Deora R. Differential Bvg phase-dependent regulation and combinatorial role in pathogenesis of two Bordetella paralogs, BipA and BcfA. Journal of bacteriology. 2007; 189(10); 3695-3704. [PubMed: 17351043].
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Borna disease virus

  1. Henkel et al., 2005: Henkel M, Planz O, Fischer T, Stitz L, Rziha HJ. Prevention of virus persistence and protection against immunopathology after Borna disease virus infection of the brain by a novel Orf virus recombinant. Journal of virology. 2005; 79(1); 314-325. [PubMed: 15596826].

Borrelia burgdorferi

  1. Hanson et al., 1998: Hanson MS, Cassatt DR, Guo BP, Patel NK, McCarthy MP, Dorward DW, Höök M. Active and passive immunity against Borrelia burgdorferi decorin binding protein A (DbpA) protects against infection. Infection and immunity. 1998; 66(5); 2143-2153. [PubMed: 9573101].
  2. Hanson et al., 2000: Hanson MS, Patel NK, Cassatt DR, Ulbrandt ND. Evidence for vaccine synergy between Borrelia burgdorferi decorin binding protein A and outer surface protein A in the mouse model of lyme borreliosis. Infection and immunity. 2000; 68(11); 6457-6460. [PubMed: 11035759].
  3. Luke et al., 1997: Luke CJ, Carner K, Liang X, Barbour AG. An OspA-based DNA vaccine protects mice against infection with Borrelia burgdorferi. The Journal of infectious diseases. 1997; 175(1); 91-97. [PubMed: 8985201].
  4. Probert and LeFebvre, 1994: Probert WS, LeFebvre RB. Protection of C3H/HeN mice from challenge with Borrelia burgdorferi through active immunization with OspA, OspB, or OspC, but not with OspD or the 83-kilodalton antigen. Infection and immunity. 1994; 62(5); 1920-1926. [PubMed: 8168958].
  5. Sadziene et al., 1996: Sadziene A, Thompson PA, Barbour AG. A flagella-less mutant of Borrelia burgdorferi as a live attenuated vaccine in the murine model of Lyme disease. The Journal of infectious diseases. 1996; 173(5); 1184-1193. [PubMed: 8627071].
  6. Salyers and Whitt., 2002: Abigail A. Salyers, Dixie D. Whitt. The Spirochetes: Borrelia burgdorferi and Treponema pallidum. 187-199. Bacterial Pathogenesis: A Molecular Approach. 2002. ASM Press, Washington D.C. USA.
  7. Scheiblhofer et al., 2003: Scheiblhofer S, Weiss R, Dürnberger H, Mostböck S, Breitenbach M, Livey I, Thalhamer J. A DNA vaccine encoding the outer surface protein C from Borrelia burgdorferi is able to induce protective immune responses. Microbes and infection / Institut Pasteur. 2003; 5(11); 939-946. [PubMed: 12941385].
  8. Weiss et al., 1999: Weiss R, Dürnberger J, Mostböck S, Scheiblhofer S, Hartl A, Breitenbach M, Strasser P, Dorner F, Livey I, Crowe B, Thalhamer J. Improvement of the immune response against plasmid DNA encoding OspC of Borrelia by an ER-targeting leader sequence. Vaccine. 1999; 18(9-10); 815-824. [PubMed: 10580194].
  9. Wiki: B. burgdorferi: Wiki: Borrelia burgdorferi []

Bovine coronavirus

  1. Liu et al., 2006: Liu L, Hägglund S, Hakhverdyan M, Alenius S, Larsen LE, Belák S. Molecular epidemiology of bovine coronavirus on the basis of comparative analyses of the S gene. Journal of clinical microbiology. 2006; 44(3); 957-960. [PubMed: 16517883].

Bovine herpesvirus 1

  1. Babiuk et al., 1987: Babiuk LA, L'Italien J, van Drunen Littel-van den Hurk S, Zamb T, Lawman JP, Hughes G, Gifford GA. Protection of cattle from bovine herpesvirus type I (BHV-1) infection by immunization with individual viral glycoproteins. Virology. 1987; 159(1); 57-66. [PubMed: 3037783].
  2. Caselli et al., 2005: Caselli E, Boni M, Di Luca D, Salvatori D, Vita A, Cassai E. A combined bovine herpesvirus 1 gB-gD DNA vaccine induces immune response in mice. Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. 2005; 28(2); 155-166. [PubMed: 15582691].
  3. Castrucci et al., 2004: Castrucci G, Ferrari M, Marchini C, Salvatori D, Provinciali M, Tosini A, Petrini S, Sardonini Q, Lo Dico M, Frigeri F, Amici A. Immunization against bovine herpesvirus-1 infection. Preliminary tests in calves with a DNA vaccine. Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. 2004; 27(3); 171-179. [PubMed: 15001312].
  4. Cox et al., 1993: Cox GJ, Zamb TJ, Babiuk LA. Bovine herpesvirus 1: immune responses in mice and cattle injected with plasmid DNA. Journal of virology. 1993; 67(9); 5664-5667. [PubMed: 8350420].
  5. Deshpande et al., 2002: Deshpande MS, Ambagala TC, Hegde NR, Hariharan MJ, Navaratnam M, Srikumaran S. Induction of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes specific for bovine herpesvirus-1 by DNA immunization. Vaccine. 2002; 20(31-32); 3744-3751. [PubMed: 12399204].
  6. Gao et al., 1994: Gao Y, Leary TP, Eskra L, Splitter GA. Truncated bovine herpesvirus-1 glycoprotein I (gpI) initiates a protective local immune response in its natural host. Vaccine. 1994; 12(2); 145-152. [PubMed: 8147097].
  7. Gogev et al., 2002: Gogev S, Vanderheijden N, Lemaire M, Schynts F, D'Offay J, Deprez I, Adam M, Eloit M, Thiry E. Induction of protective immunity to bovine herpesvirus type 1 in cattle by intranasal administration of replication-defective human adenovirus type 5 expressing glycoprotein gC or gD. Vaccine. 2002; 20(9-10); 1451-1465. [PubMed: 11818166].
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Bovine Leukemia virus

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  3. Wiki: Bovine leukemia virus: Bovine leukemia virus []

Bovine papillomavirus

  1. Wiki: Bovine papillomavirus: Wiki: Bovine papillomavirus []

Bovine Parainfluenza 3 Virus (BPIV-3)

  1. Merck Vet Manual: Parainfluenza-3 Virus: Merck Veterinary Manual: Parainfluenza-3 Virus []

Bovine Respiratory Syncytial Virus

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  3. Schrijver et al., 1997: Schrijver RS, Langedijk JP, Keil GM, Middel WG, Maris-Veldhuis M, Van Oirschot JT, Rijsewijk FA. Immunization of cattle with a BHV1 vector vaccine or a DNA vaccine both coding for the G protein of BRSV. Vaccine. 1997; 15(17-18); 1908-1916. [PubMed: 9413101].
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Bovine viral diarrhea virus 1

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  3. Petrini et al., 2011: Petrini S, Ramadori G, Corradi A, Borghetti P, Lombardi G, Villa R, Bottarelli E, Guercio A, Amici A, Ferrari M. Evaluation of safety and efficacy of DNA vaccines against bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1) in calves. Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. 2011; 34(1); 3-10. [PubMed: 19906427].

Bovine viral diarrhea virus 2

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  3. van et al., 2013: van Drunen Littel-van den Hurk S, Lawman Z, Snider M, Wilson D, van den Hurk JV, Ellefsen B, Hannaman D. Two doses of bovine viral diarrhea virus DNA vaccine delivered by electroporation induce long-term protective immune responses. Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI. 2013; 20(2); 166-173. [PubMed: 23220999].

Brucella spp.

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  9. Arenas-Gamboa et al., 2011: Arenas-Gamboa AM, Rice-Ficht AC, Kahl-McDonagh MM, Ficht TA. The protective efficacy and safety of 16M{Delta}mucR against intraperitoneal and aerosol challenge in BALB/c mice. Infection and immunity. 2011; ; . [PubMed: 21708998].
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  5. Wiki: Chlamydia muridarum: Chlamydia muridarum []
  6. Yu et al., 2009: Yu H, Jiang X, Shen C, Karunakaran KP, Brunham RC. Novel Chlamydia muridarum T cell antigens induce protective immunity against lung and genital tract infection in murine models. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2009; 182(3); 1602-1608. [PubMed: 19155509].
  7. Yu et al., 2010: Yu H, Jiang X, Shen C, Karunakaran KP, Jiang J, Rosin NL, Brunham RC. Chlamydia muridarum T-cell antigens formulated with the adjuvant DDA/TDB induce immunity against infection that correlates with a high frequency of gamma interferon (IFN-gamma)/tumor necrosis factor alpha and IFN-gamma/interleukin-17 double-positive CD4+ T cells. Infection and immunity. 2010; 78(5); 2272-2282. [PubMed: 20231405].

Chlamydia trachomatis

  1. Chen et al., 1998: Chen I, Finn TM, Yanqing L, Guoming Q, Rappuoli R, Pizza M. A recombinant live attenuated strain of Vibrio cholerae induces immunity against tetanus toxin and Bordetella pertussis tracheal colonization factor. Infection and immunity. 1998; 66(4); 1648-1653. [PubMed: 9529093].
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  3. Eko et al., 2011: Eko FO, Okenu DN, Singh UP, He Q, Black C, Igietseme JU. Evaluation of a broadly protective Chlamydia-cholera combination vaccine candidate. Vaccine. 2011; 29(21); 3802-3810. [PubMed: 21421002].
  4. Macmillan et al., 2007: Macmillan L, Ifere GO, He Q, Igietseme JU, Kellar KL, Okenu DM, Eko FO. A recombinant multivalent combination vaccine protects against Chlamydia and genital herpes. FEMS immunology and medical microbiology. 2007; 49(1); 46-55. [PubMed: 17094789].
  5. Schautteet et al., 2011: Schautteet K, Stuyven E, Beeckman DS, Van Acker S, Carlon M, Chiers K, Cox E, Vanrompay D. Protection of pigs against Chlamydia trachomatis challenge by administration of a MOMP-based DNA vaccine in the vaginal mucosa. Vaccine. 2011; 29(7); 1399-1407. [PubMed: 21195805].
  6. Zhong et al., 1993: Zhong G, Toth I, Reid R, Brunham RC. Immunogenicity evaluation of a lipidic amino acid-based synthetic peptide vaccine for Chlamydia trachomatis. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 1993; 151(7); 3728-3736. [PubMed: 7690812].

Chlamydophila abortus

  1. Chalmers et al., 1997: Chalmers WS, Simpson J, Lee SJ, Baxendale W. Use of a live chlamydial vaccine to prevent ovine enzootic abortion. The Veterinary record. 1997; 141(3); 63-67. [PubMed: 9257434].
  2. Héchard et al., 2002: Héchard C, Grépinet O, Rodolakis A. Protection evaluation against Chlamydophila abortus challenge by DNA vaccination with a dnaK-encoding plasmid in pregnant and non-pregnant mice. Veterinary research. 2002; 33(3); 313-326. [PubMed: 12056482].
  3. Héchard et al., 2003: Héchard C, Grépinet O, Rodolakis A. Evaluation of protection against Chlamydophila abortus challenge after DNA immunization with the major outer-membrane protein-encoding gene in pregnant and non-pregnant mice. Journal of medical microbiology. 2003; 52(Pt 1); 35-40. [PubMed: 12488563].
  4. Stemke-Hale et al., 2005: Stemke-Hale K, Kaltenboeck B, DeGraves FJ, Sykes KF, Huang J, Bu CH, Johnston SA. Screening the whole genome of a pathogen in vivo for individual protective antigens. Vaccine. 2005; 23(23); 3016-3025. [PubMed: 15811648].
  5. Wiki: Chlamydophila abortus: Chlamydophila abortus []

Chlamydophila pneumoniae

  1. Faludi et al., 2009: Faludi I, Burian K, Csanadi A, Miczak A, Lu X, Kakkar VV, Gonczol E, Endresz V. Adjuvant modulation of the immune response of mice against the LcrE protein of Chlamydophila pneumoniae. International journal of medical microbiology : IJMM. 2009; 299(7); 520-528. [PubMed: 19451031].
  2. Li et al., 2006: Li D, Borovkov A, Vaglenov A, Wang C, Kim T, Gao D, Sykes KF, Kaltenboeck B. Mouse model of respiratory Chlamydia pneumoniae infection for a genomic screen of subunit vaccine candidates. Vaccine. 2006; 24(15); 2917-2927. [PubMed: 16434129].
  3. Penttilä et al., 2000: Penttilä T, Vuola JM, Puurula V, Anttila M, Sarvas M, Rautonen N, Mäkelä PH, Puolakkainen M. Immunity to Chlamydia pneumoniae induced by vaccination with DNA vectors expressing a cytoplasmic protein (Hsp60) or outer membrane proteins (MOMP and Omp2). Vaccine. 2000; 19(9-10); 1256-1265. [PubMed: 11137265].
  4. Svanholm et al., 2000: Svanholm C, Bandholtz L, Castaños-Velez E, Wigzell H, Rottenberg ME. Protective DNA immunization against Chlamydia pneumoniae. Scandinavian journal of immunology. 2000; 51(4); 345-353. [PubMed: 10736106].
  5. Tammiruusu et al., 2007: Tammiruusu A, Penttilä T, Lahesmaa R, Sarvas M, Puolakkainen M, Vuola JM. Intranasal administration of chlamydial outer protein N (CopN) induces protection against pulmonary Chlamydia pneumoniae infection in a mouse model. Vaccine. 2007; 25(2); 283-290. [PubMed: 16949182].
  6. Wiki: Chlamydophila pneumoniae: Chlamydophila pneumoniae []

Chlamydophila psittaci

  1. Harkinezhad et al., 2009: Harkinezhad T, Schautteet K, Vanrompay D. Protection of budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus) against Chlamydophila psittaci challenge by DNA vaccination. Veterinary research. 2009; 40(6); 61. [PubMed: 19640395].
  2. Verminnen et al., 2010: Verminnen K, Beeckman DS, Sanders NN, De Smedt S, Vanrompay DC. Vaccination of turkeys against Chlamydophila psittaci through optimised DNA formulation and administration. Vaccine. 2010; 28(18); 3095-3105. [PubMed: 20199760].
  3. Wiki: Chlamydophila psittaci: Chlamydophila psittaci []
  4. Zhang et al., 2009: Zhang X, Yuan Z, Duan Q, Zhu H, Yu H, Wang Q. Mucosal immunity in mice induced by orally administered transgenic rice. Vaccine. 2009; 27(10); 1596-1600. [PubMed: 19146896].

Classical swine fever virus

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  3. Hulst et al., 1993: Hulst MM, Westra DF, Wensvoort G, Moormann RJ. Glycoprotein E1 of hog cholera virus expressed in insect cells protects swine from hog cholera. Journal of virology. 1993; 67(9); 5435-5442. [PubMed: 8350404].
  4. König et al., 1995: König M, Lengsfeld T, Pauly T, Stark R, Thiel HJ. Classical swine fever virus: independent induction of protective immunity by two structural glycoproteins. Journal of virology. 1995; 69(10); 6479-6486. [PubMed: 7666549].
  5. Lin et al., 2009: Lin GJ, Liu TY, Tseng YY, Chen ZW, You CC, Hsuan SL, Chien MS, Huang C. Yeast-expressed classical swine fever virus glycoprotein E2 induces a protective immune response. Veterinary microbiology. 2009; 139(3-4); 369-374. [PubMed: 19625145].
  6. Maurer et al., 2005: Maurer R, Stettler P, Ruggli N, Hofmann MA, Tratschin JD. Oronasal vaccination with classical swine fever virus (CSFV) replicon particles with either partial or complete deletion of the E2 gene induces partial protection against lethal challenge with highly virulent CSFV. Vaccine. 2005; 23(25); 3318-3328. [PubMed: 15837238].
  7. Moormann et al., 2000: Moormann RJ, Bouma A, Kramps JA, Terpstra C, De Smit HJ. Development of a classical swine fever subunit marker vaccine and companion diagnostic test. Veterinary microbiology. 2000; 73(2-3); 209-219. [PubMed: 10785329].
  8. Sainz et al., 2008: Sainz IF, Holinka LG, Lu Z, Risatti GR, Borca MV. Removal of a N-linked glycosylation site of classical swine fever virus strain Brescia Erns glycoprotein affects virulence in swine. Virology. 2008; 370(1); 122-129. [PubMed: 17904607].
  9. Sun et al., 2013: Sun Y, Tian DY, Li S, Meng QL, Zhao BB, Li Y, Li D, Ling LJ, Liao YJ, Qiu HJ. Comprehensive evaluation of the adenovirus/alphavirus-replicon chimeric vector-based vaccine rAdV-SFV-E2 against classical swine fever. Vaccine. 2013; 31(3); 538-544. [PubMed: 23153441].
  10. Tarradas et al., 2011: Tarradas J, Álvarez B, Fraile L, Rosell R, Muñoz M, Galindo-Cardiel I, Domingo M, Dominguez J, Ezquerra A, Sobrino F, Ganges L. Immunomodulatory effect of swine CCL20 chemokine in DNA vaccination against CSFV. Veterinary immunology and immunopathology. 2011; 142(3-4); 243-251. [PubMed: 21684019].
  11. van, 2003: van Aarle P. Suitability of an E2 subunit vaccine of classical swine fever in combination with the E(rns)-marker-test for eradication through vaccination. Developments in biologicals. 2003; 114; 193-200. [PubMed: 14677689].
  12. Voigt et al., 2007: Voigt H, Merant C, Wienhold D, Braun A, Hutet E, Le Potier MF, Saalmüller A, Pfaff E, Büttner M. Efficient priming against classical swine fever with a safe glycoprotein E2 expressing Orf virus recombinant (ORFV VrV-E2). Vaccine. 2007; 25(31); 5915-5926. [PubMed: 17600594].
  13. Wan et al., 2010: Wan C, Yi L, Yang Z, Yang J, Shao H, Zhang C, Pan Z. The Toll-like receptor adaptor molecule TRIF enhances DNA vaccination against classical swine fever. Veterinary immunology and immunopathology. 2010; 137(1-2); 47-53. [PubMed: 20466439].
  14. Wang et al., 2008: Wang YH, Li PH, Zhang MT, Zhang YM. [Construction of recombinant fowlpox virus expressing E0 gene of classical swine fever virus shimen strain and the animal immunity experiment]. Bing du xue bao = Chinese journal of virology / [bian ji, Bing du xue bao bian ji wei yuan hui]. 2008; 24(1); 59-63. [PubMed: 18320824].
  15. Wiki: Classical swine fever: Classical swine fever []

Clostridium botulinum

  1. Arimitsu et al., 2004: Arimitsu H, Lee JC, Sakaguchi Y, Hayakawa Y, Hayashi M, Nakaura M, Takai H, Lin SN, Mukamoto M, Murphy T, Oguma K. Vaccination with recombinant whole heavy chain fragments of Clostridium botulinum Type C and D neurotoxins. Clinical and diagnostic laboratory immunology. 2004 May; 11(3); 496-502. [PubMed: 15138174].
  2. Arnon et al., 2001: Arnon SS, Schechter R, Inglesby TV, Henderson DA, Bartlett JG, Ascher MS, Eitzen E, Fine AD, Hauer J, Layton M, Lillibridge S, Osterholm MT, O'Toole T, Parker G, Perl TM, Russell PK, Swerdlow DL, Tonat K. Botulinum toxin as a biological weapon: medical and public health management. JAMA : the journal of the American Medical Association. 2001 Feb 28; 285(8); 1059-70. [PubMed: 11209178 ].
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  4. Bennett et al., 2003: Bennett AM, Perkins SD, Holley JL. DNA vaccination protects against botulinum neurotoxin type F. Vaccine. 2003 Jul 4; 21(23); 3110-7. [PubMed: 12804837 ].
  5. Boles et al., 2006: Boles J, West M, Montgomery V, Tammariello R, Pitt ML, Gibbs P, Smith L, LeClaire RD. Recombinant C fragment of botulinum neurotoxin B serotype (rBoNTB (HC)) immune response and protection in the rhesus monkey. Toxicon : official journal of the International Society on Toxinology. 2006 Jun 15; 47(8); 877-84. [PubMed: 16730042 ].
  6. Byrne et al., 1998: Byrne MP, Smith TJ, Montgomery VA, Smith LA. Purification, potency, and efficacy of the botulinum neurotoxin type A binding domain from Pichia pastoris as a recombinant vaccine candidate. Infection and immunity. 1998 Oct; 66(10); 4817-22. [PubMed: 9746584].
  7. Byrne et al., 2000: Byrne MP, Smith LA. Development of vaccines for prevention of botulism. Biochimie. 2000 Sep-Oct; 82(9-10); 955-66. [PubMed: 11086225].
  8. Clayton et al., 1995: Clayton MA, Clayton JM, Brown DR, Middlebrook JL. Protective vaccination with a recombinant fragment of Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin serotype A expressed from a synthetic gene in Escherichia coli. Infection and immunity. 1995; 63(7); 2738-2742. [PubMed: 7790092].
  9. Jathoul et al., 2004: Jathoul AP, Holley JL, Garmory HS. Efficacy of DNA vaccines expressing the type F botulinum toxin Hc fragment using different promoters. Vaccine. 2004 Sep 28; 22(29-30); 3942-6. [PubMed: 15364442].
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  11. Lee et al., 2001: Lee JS, Pushko P, Parker MD, Dertzbaugh MT, Smith LA, Smith JF. Candidate vaccine against botulinum neurotoxin serotype A derived from a Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus vector system. Infection and immunity. 2001; 69(9); 5709-5715. [PubMed: 11500447].
  12. Lee et al., 2006: Lee JS, Groebner JL, Hadjipanayis AG, Negley DL, Schmaljohn AL, Welkos SL, Smith LA, Smith JF. Multiagent vaccines vectored by Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus replicon elicits immune responses to Marburg virus and protection against anthrax and botulinum neurotoxin in mice. Vaccine. 2006 Nov 17; 24(47-48); 6886-92. [PubMed: 16828936].
  13. Lohenry et al., 2006: Lohenry K, Foulke K. Botulism: rare, but deadly. JAAPA : official journal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants. 2006 Nov; 19(11); 41-5. [PubMed: 17124790 ].
  14. Martinez et al., 1999: Martinez R, Wobeser G. Immunization of ducks for type C botulism. Journal of wildlife diseases. 1999 Oct; 35(4); 710-5. [PubMed: 10574530 ].
  15. NCBI: Entrez Gene []
  16. PathPort: Virginia Bioinformatics Institute []
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  18. Siegel, 1988: Siegel LS. Human immune response to botulinum pentavalent (ABCDE) toxoid determined by a neutralization test and by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Journal of clinical microbiology. 1988 Nov; 26(11); 2351-6. [PubMed: 3235662].
  19. Webb et al., 2009: Webb RP, Smith TJ, Wright P, Brown J, Smith LA. Production of catalytically inactive BoNT/A1 holoprotein and comparison with BoNT/A1 subunit vaccines against toxin subtypes A1, A2, and A3. Vaccine. 2009; 27(33); 4490-4497. [PubMed: 19450643].
  20. Yu et al., 2008: Yu YZ, Li N, Wang RL, Zhu HQ, Wang S, Yu WY, Sun ZW. Evaluation of a recombinant Hc of Clostridium botulinum neurotoxin serotype F as an effective subunit vaccine. Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI. 2008; 15(12); 1819-1823. [PubMed: 18845829].
  21. Yu et al., 2009: Yu Y, Yu J, Li N, Wang S, Yu W, Sun Z. Individual and bivalent vaccines against botulinum neurotoxin serotypes A and B using DNA-based Semliki Forest virus vectors. Vaccine. 2009; 27(44); 6148-6153. [PubMed: 19712769].
  22. Zeng et al., 2007: Zeng M, Xu Q, Elias M, Pichichero ME, Simpson LL, Smith LA. Protective immunity against botulism provided by a single dose vaccination with an adenovirus-vectored vaccine. Vaccine. 2007; 25(43); 7540-7548. [PubMed: 17897756].

Clostridium perfringens

  1. Songer, 2010: Songer JG. Clostridia as agents of zoonotic disease. Veterinary microbiology. 2010; 140(3-4); 399-404. [PubMed: 19682805].
  2. Wiki: C. perfringens: Wiki: C. perfringens []

Clostridium tetani

  1. Anderson et al., 1997: Anderson R, Gao XM, Papakonstantinopoulou A, Fairweather N, Roberts M, Dougan G. Immunization of mice with DNA encoding fragment C of tetanus toxin. Vaccine. 1997; 15(8); 827-829. [PubMed: 9234525].
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  3. FDA Boostrix: FDA Boostrix []
  4. FDA Decavac: FDA Decavac []
  5. FDA Infanrix: FDA Infanrix []
  6. FDA: Adacel: FDA: Adacel []
  8. FDA: dttadLB: FDA: Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids Adsorbed USP []
  10. FDA: Pediarix: FDA: Pediarix []
  11. FDA: Pentacel: FDA: Pentacel Vaccine []
  12. FDA: Tenivac: FDA: Tenivac []
  13. FDA: Tetanus Toxoid: FDA: Tetanus Toxoid []
  14. FDA: Tetanus Toxoid Adsorbed by Sanofi Pasteur Inc: FDA: Tetanus Toxoid Adsorbed by Sanofi Pasteur Inc []
  15. FDA: Tripedia: FDA: Tripedia []
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  17. He et al., 2000: He HJ, He ZY, Shi HJ, Zhu W, Yang GZ, Yuan QS, Wu XF. Cloning and Expression of Tetanus Toxin Fragment C in E.coli. Sheng wu hua xue yu sheng wu wu li xue bao Acta biochimica et biophysica Sinica. 2000; 32(4); 322-326. [PubMed: 12075415].
  18. Medaglini et al., 2001: Medaglini D, Ciabattini A, Spinosa MR, Maggi T, Marcotte H, Oggioni MR, Pozzi G. Immunization with recombinant Streptococcus gordonii expressing tetanus toxin fragment C confers protection from lethal challenge in mice. Vaccine. 2001; 19(15-16); 1931-1939. [PubMed: 11228363].

Coccidioides spp.

  1. Awasthi et al., 2005: Awasthi S, Awasthi V, Magee DM, Coalson JJ. Efficacy of antigen 2/proline-rich antigen cDNA-transfected dendritic cells in immunization of mice against Coccidioides posadasii. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2005; 175(6); 3900-3906. [PubMed: 16148136].
  2. Delgado et al., 2003: Delgado N, Xue J, Yu JJ, Hung CY, Cole GT. A recombinant beta-1,3-glucanosyltransferase homolog of Coccidioides posadasii protects mice against coccidioidomycosis. Infection and immunity. 2003; 71(6); 3010-3019. [PubMed: 12761077].
  3. Hung et al., 2007: Hung CY, Xue J, Cole GT. Virulence mechanisms of coccidioides. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences. 2007; 1111; 225-235. [PubMed: 17513466].
  4. Ivey et al., 2003: Ivey FD, Magee DM, Woitaske MD, Johnston SA, Cox RA. Identification of a protective antigen of Coccidioides immitis by expression library immunization. Vaccine. 2003; 21(27-30); 4359-4367. [PubMed: 14505918].
  5. Kirkland et al., 1998: Kirkland TN, Thomas PW, Finley F, Cole GT. Immunogenicity of a 48-kilodalton recombinant T-cell-reactive protein of Coccidioides immitis. Infection and immunity. 1998; 66(2); 424-431. [PubMed: 9453590].
  6. Li et al., 2001: Li K, Yu JJ, Hung CY, Lehmann PF, Cole GT. Recombinant urease and urease DNA of Coccidioides immitis elicit an immunoprotective response against coccidioidomycosis in mice. Infection and immunity. 2001; 69(5); 2878-2887. [PubMed: 11292702].
  7. Orsborn et al., 2006: Orsborn KI, Shubitz LF, Peng T, Kellner EM, Orbach MJ, Haynes PA, Galgiani JN. Protein expression profiling of Coccidioides posadasii by two-dimensional differential in-gel electrophoresis and evaluation of a newly recognized peroxisomal matrix protein as a recombinant vaccine candidate. Infection and immunity. 2006; 74(3); 1865-1872. [PubMed: 16495561].
  8. Tarcha et al., 2006a: Tarcha EJ, Basrur V, Hung CY, Gardner MJ, Cole GT. A recombinant aspartyl protease of Coccidioides posadasii induces protection against pulmonary coccidioidomycosis in mice. Infection and immunity. 2006; 74(1); 516-527. [PubMed: 16369008].
  9. Tarcha et al., 2006b: Tarcha EJ, Basrur V, Hung CY, Gardner MJ, Cole GT. Multivalent recombinant protein vaccine against coccidioidomycosis. Infection and immunity. 2006; 74(10); 5802-5813. [PubMed: 16988258].

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

  1. Adacel: Adacel []
  2. Boostrix: Boostrix []
  3. CDC: Diphtheria: CDC: Diphtheria general information []
  5. FDA: Decavac: Decavac []
  6. FDA: Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids Adsorbed USP: FDA: Diphtheria and Tetanus Toxoids Adsorbed USP []
  8. FDA: KINRIX: FDA: KINRIX Vaccine []
  9. FDA: Menactra: FDA: Menactra Vaccine []
  10. FDA: Pediarix: FDA: Pediarix []
  11. FDA: Pentacel: FDA: Pentacel Vaccine []
  12. FDA: Tripedia: FDA: Tripedia []
  13. Holmes, 2000: Holmes RK. Biology and molecular epidemiology of diphtheria toxin and the tox gene. The Journal of infectious diseases. 2000; 181 Suppl 1; S156-167. [PubMed: 10657208].
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  15. Tenivac: Tenivac []
  16. Textbook of Bacteriology: Diphtheria []

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

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Coxiella burnetii

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  5. Burton et al., 1971: Burton PR, Kordova N, Paretsky D. Electron microscopic studies of the rickettsia Coxiella burneti: entry, lysosomal response, and fate of rickettsial DNA in L-cells. Canadian journal of microbiology. 1971; 17(2); 143-150. [PubMed: 4100953].
  6. Burton et al., 1978: Burton PR, Stueckemann J, Welsh RM, Paretsky D. Some ultrastructural effects of persistent infections by the rickettsia Coxiella burnetii in mouse L cells and green monkey kidney (Vero) cells. Infection and immunity. 1978; 21(2); 556-566. [PubMed: 99368].
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  8. Fries et al., 1993: Fries LF, Waag DM, Williams JC. Safety and immunogenicity in human volunteers of a chloroform-methanol residue vaccine for Q fever. Infection and immunity. 1993; 61(4); 1251-1258. [PubMed: 8454328 ].
  9. Hackstadt and Williams, 1981: Hackstadt T, Williams JC. Biochemical stratagem for obligate parasitism of eukaryotic cells by Coxiella burnetii. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1981; 78(5); 3240-3244. [PubMed: 6942430].
  10. Hackstadt et al., 1985: Hackstadt T, Peacock MG, Hitchcock PJ, Cole RL. Lipopolysaccharide variation in Coxiella burnetti: intrastrain heterogeneity in structure and antigenicity. Infection and immunity. 1985; 48(2); 359-365. [PubMed: 3988339 ].
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Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever (CCHF)

  1. Buttigieg et al., 2014: Buttigieg KR, Dowall SD, Findlay-Wilson S, Miloszewska A, Rayner E, Hewson R, Carroll MW. A novel vaccine against Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic Fever protects 100% of animals against lethal challenge in a mouse model. PloS one. 2014; 9(3); e91516. [PubMed: 24621656].

Cryptosporidium parvum

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Dengue Virus

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  3. CDC - Basics about Diabetes: Basics about Diabetes []
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Duck enteritis virus

  1. Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases: Field Manual of Wildlife Diseases- Chapter 16 Duck Plague []

Duck hepatitis virus 1

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  3. Merck Vet Manual: Duck Viral Hepatitis: Merck Vet Manual: Duck Viral Hepatitis []

Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus

  1. Wiki: Eastern Equine Encephalitis: Wiki: Eastern Equine Encephalitis Virus []

Ebola virus

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Edwardsiella ictaluri

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Edwardsiella tarda

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Eimeria maxima

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Eimeria spp.

  1. Lillehoj et al., 2005: Lillehoj HS, Ding X, Quiroz MA, Bevensee E, Lillehoj EP. Resistance to intestinal coccidiosis following DNA immunization with the cloned 3-1E Eimeria gene plus IL-2, IL-15, and IFN-gamma. Avian diseases. 2005; 49(1); 112-117. [PubMed: 15839423].
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  4. Wiki: Eimeria: Eimeria []

Eimeria tenella

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  6. Wiki: Eimeria tenella: Eimeria tenella []
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  8. Xu et al., 2006: Xu SZ, Chen T, Wang M. Protective immunity enhanced by chimeric DNA prime-protein booster strategy against Eimeria tenella challenge. Avian diseases. 2006; 50(4); 579-585. [PubMed: 17274297].

Entamoeba histolytica

  1. Carrero et al., 2010: Carrero JC, Contreras-Rojas A, Sánchez-Hernández B, Petrosyan P, Bobes RJ, Ortiz-Ortiz L, Laclette JP. Protection against murine intestinal amoebiasis induced by oral immunization with the 29kDa antigen of Entamoeba histolytica and cholera toxin. Experimental parasitology. 2010; ; . [PubMed: 20303954].
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  3. Petri and Ravdin, 1991: Petri WA Jr, Ravdin JI. Protection of gerbils from amebic liver abscess by immunization with the galactose-specific adherence lectin of Entamoeba histolytica. Infection and immunity. 1991; 59(1); 97-9101. [PubMed: 1987067].
  4. Wiki: Entamoeba histolytica: Entamoeba histolytica []
  5. Zhang and Stanley, 1996: Zhang T, Stanley SL Jr. Oral immunization with an attenuated vaccine strain of Salmonella typhimurium expressing the serine-rich Entamoeba histolytica protein induces an antiamebic immune response and protects gerbils from amebic liver abscess. Infection and immunity. 1996; 64(5); 1526-1531. [PubMed: 8613356].

Equid herpesvirus

  1. Paillot et al., 2006: Paillot R, Ellis SA, Daly JM, Audonnet JC, Minke JM, Davis-Poynter N, Hannant D, Kydd JH. Characterisation of CTL and IFN-gamma synthesis in ponies following vaccination with a NYVAC-based construct coding for EHV-1 immediate early gene, followed by challenge infection. Vaccine. 2006; 24(10); 1490-1500. [PubMed: 16269205].
  2. Patel and Heldens, 2005: Patel JR, Heldens J. Equine herpesviruses 1 (EHV-1) and 4 (EHV-4)--epidemiology, disease and immunoprophylaxis: a brief review. Veterinary journal (London, England : 1997). 2005; 170(1); 14-23. [PubMed: 15993786].
  3. Slater et al., 1993: Slater JD, Gibson JS, Field HJ. Pathogenicity of a thymidine kinase-deficient mutant of equine herpesvirus 1 in mice and specific pathogen-free foals. The Journal of general virology. 1993; 74 ( Pt 5); 819-828. [PubMed: 8388018].
  4. Tsujimura et al., 2006: Tsujimura K, Yamanaka T, Kondo T, Fukushi H, Matsumura T. Pathogenicity and immunogenicity of equine herpesvirus type 1 mutants defective in either gI or gE gene in murine and hamster models. The Journal of veterinary medical science / the Japanese Society of Veterinary Science. 2006; 68(10); 1029-1038. [PubMed: 17085880].

Equine arteritis virus

  1. Wiki: Equine viral arteritis: Wiki: Equine viral arteritis []

Equine rotavirus

  1. AAEP: Rotaviral Diarrhea: AAEP: Rotaviral Diarrhea []

Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae

  1. Brooke and Riley, 1999: Brooke CJ, Riley TV. Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae: bacteriology, epidemiology and clinical manifestations of an occupational pathogen. Journal of medical microbiology. 1999; 48(9); 789-799. [PubMed: 10482289].
  2. Chen et al., 2009: Chen KX, Li YJ, Zhang FC, Cao WY, Li JW. [Enhancement of antibodies to protective domain of surface protective antigen A of Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae by DNA immunization with plasmids expressing spaA-chimeras]. Xi bao yu fen zi mian yi xue za zhi = Chinese journal of cellular and molecular immunology. 2009; 25(11); 984-986. [PubMed: 19900362].
  3. Wang et al., 2010: Wang Q, Chang BJ, Riley TV. Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae. Veterinary microbiology. 2010; 140(3-4); 405-417. [PubMed: 19733019].

Escherichia coli

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  8. Byrd and Cassels, 2006: Byrd W, Cassels FJ. The encapsulation of enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli colonization factor CS3 in biodegradable microspheres enhances the murine antibody response following intranasal administration. Microbiology (Reading, England). 2006; 152(Pt 3); 779-786. [PubMed: 16514157].
  9. Chen et al., 1994: Chen L, McGowan P, Ashe S, Johnston JV, Hellström I, Hellström KE. B7-1/CD80-transduced tumor cells elicit better systemic immunity than wild-type tumor cells admixed with Corynebacterium parvum. Cancer research. 1994; 54(20); 5420-5423. [PubMed: 7522958].
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  13. Durant et al., 2007: Durant L, Metais A, Soulama-Mouze C, Genevard JM, Nassif X, Escaich S. Identification of candidates for a subunit vaccine against extraintestinal pathogenic Escherichia coli. Infection and immunity. 2007; 75(4); 1916-1925. [PubMed: 17145948].
  14. ELBERG and FAUNCE, 1957: ELBERG SS, FAUNCE K Jr. Immunization against Brucella infection. VI. Immunity conferred on goats by a nondependent mutant from a streptomycin-dependent mutant strain of Brucella melitensis. Journal of bacteriology. 1957; 73(2); 211-217. [PubMed: 13416171].
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  30. Mason et al., 1998: Mason HS, Haq TA, Clements JD, Arntzen CJ. Edible vaccine protects mice against Escherichia coli heat-labile enterotoxin (LT): potatoes expressing a synthetic LT-B gene. Vaccine. 1998; 16(13); 1336-1343. [PubMed: 9682399 ].
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Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis

  1. Bourquin et al., 2000: Bourquin C, Iglesias A, Berger T, Wekerle H, Linington C. Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein-DNA vaccination induces antibody-mediated autoaggression in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. European journal of immunology. 2000; 30(12); 3663-3671. [PubMed: 11169409].
  2. Lobell et al., 1999: Lobell A, Weissert R, Eltayeb S, Svanholm C, Olsson T, Wigzell H. Presence of CpG DNA and the local cytokine milieu determine the efficacy of suppressive DNA vaccination in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 1999; 163(9); 4754-4762. [PubMed: 10528174].
  3. Lobell et al., 2003: Lobell A, Weissert R, Eltayeb S, de Graaf KL, Wefer J, Storch MK, Lassmann H, Wigzell H, Olsson T. Suppressive DNA vaccination in myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein peptide-induced experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis involves a T1-biased immune response. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2003; 170(4); 1806-1813. [PubMed: 12574345].
  4. Ramshaw et al., 1997: Ramshaw IA, Fordham SA, Bernard CC, Maguire D, Cowden WB, Willenborg DO. DNA vaccines for the treatment of autoimmune disease. Immunology and cell biology. 1997; 75(4); 409-413. [PubMed: 9315486].
  5. Ruiz et al., 1999: Ruiz PJ, Garren H, Ruiz IU, Hirschberg DL, Nguyen LV, Karpuj MV, Cooper MT, Mitchell DJ, Fathman CG, Steinman L. Suppressive immunization with DNA encoding a self-peptide prevents autoimmune disease: modulation of T cell costimulation. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 1999; 162(6); 3336-3341. [PubMed: 10092787].
  6. Selmaj et al., 2000: Selmaj K, Kowal C, Walczak A, Nowicka J, Raine CS. Naked DNA vaccination differentially modulates autoimmune responses in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Journal of neuroimmunology. 2000; 111(1-2); 34-44. [PubMed: 11063819].
  7. Tsunoda et al., 1998: Tsunoda I, Kuang LQ, Tolley ND, Whitton JL, Fujinami RS. Enhancement of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) by DNA immunization with myelin proteolipid protein (PLP) plasmid DNA. Journal of neuropathology and experimental neurology. 1998; 57(8); 758-767. [PubMed: 9720491].
  8. Waisman et al., 1996: Waisman A, Ruiz PJ, Hirschberg DL, Gelman A, Oksenberg JR, Brocke S, Mor F, Cohen IR, Steinman L. Suppressive vaccination with DNA encoding a variable region gene of the T-cell receptor prevents autoimmune encephalomyelitis and activates Th2 immunity. Nature medicine. 1996; 2(8); 899-905. [PubMed: 8705860].
  9. Walczak et al., 2004: Walczak A, Szymanska B, Selmaj K. Differential prevention of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis with antigen-specific DNA vaccination. Clinical neurology and neurosurgery. 2004; 106(3); 241-245. [PubMed: 15177776].
  10. Weissert et al., 2000: Weissert R, Lobell A, de Graaf KL, Eltayeb SY, Andersson R, Olsson T, Wigzell H. Protective DNA vaccination against organ-specific autoimmunity is highly specific and discriminates between single amino acid substitutions in the peptide autoantigen. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2000; 97(4); 1689-1694. [PubMed: 10677519].
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Experimental autoimmune uveitis

  1. Commodaro et al., 2010: Commodaro AG, Peron JP, Lopes CT, Arslanian C, Belfort R Jr, Rizzo LV, Bueno V. Evaluation of experimental autoimmune uveitis in mice treated with FTY720. Investigative ophthalmology & visual science. 2010; 51(5); 2568-2574. [PubMed: 20019358].
  2. Silver et al., 2007: Silver PB, Agarwal RK, Su SB, Suffia I, Grajewski RS, Luger D, Chan CC, Mahdi RM, Nickerson JM, Caspi RR. Hydrodynamic vaccination with DNA encoding an immunologically privileged retinal antigen protects from autoimmunity through induction of regulatory T cells. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2007; 179(8); 5146-5158. [PubMed: 17911600].

Feline calicivirus

  1. McCabe et al., 2002: McCabe VJ, Tarpey I, Spibey N. Vaccination of cats with an attenuated recombinant myxoma virus expressing feline calicivirus capsid protein. Vaccine. 2002; 20(19-20); 2454-2462. [PubMed: 12057600].
  2. Radford et al., 2007: Radford AD, Coyne KP, Dawson S, Porter CJ, Gaskell RM. Feline calicivirus. Veterinary research. 2007; 38(2); 319-335. [PubMed: 17296159].

Feline herpesvirus 1

  1. Gaskell et al., 2007: Gaskell R, Dawson S, Radford A, Thiry E. Feline herpesvirus. Veterinary research. 2007; 38(2); 337-354. [PubMed: 17296160].
  2. Yokoyama et al., 1996: Yokoyama N, Maeda K, Tohya Y, Kawaguchi Y, Shin YS, Ono M, Ishiguro S, Fujikawa Y, Mikami T. Pathogenicity and vaccine efficacy of a thymidine kinase-deficient mutant of feline herpesvirus type 1 in cats. Archives of virology. 1996; 141(3-4); 481-494. [PubMed: 8645090].

Feline immunodeficiency virus

  1. Hosie et al., 1998: Hosie MJ, Flynn JN, Rigby MA, Cannon C, Dunsford T, Mackay NA, Argyle D, Willett BJ, Miyazawa T, Onions DE, Jarrett O, Neil JC. DNA vaccination affords significant protection against feline immunodeficiency virus infection without inducing detectable antiviral antibodies. Journal of virology. 1998; 72(9); 7310-7319. [PubMed: 9696827].
  2. Lockridge et al., 2000: Lockridge KM, Chien M, Dean GA, Stefano Cole K, Montelaro RC, Luciw PA, Sparger EE. Protective immunity against feline immunodeficiency virus induced by inoculation with vif-deleted proviral DNA. Virology. 2000; 273(1); 67-79. [PubMed: 10891409].
  3. Pistello et al., 2005: Pistello M, Bonci F, Isola P, Mazzetti P, Merico A, Zaccaro L, Matteucci D, Bendinelli M. Evaluation of feline immunodeficiency virus ORF-A mutants as candidate attenuated vaccine. Virology. 2005; 332(2); 676-690. [PubMed: 15680433].
  4. Wiki: Feline Immunodeficincy Virus: Wiki: Feline Immunodeficincy Virus []

Feline infectious peritonitis virus

  1. Addie et al., 2009: Addie D, Belák S, Boucraut-Baralon C, Egberink H, Frymus T, Gruffydd-Jones T, Hartmann K, Hosie MJ, Lloret A, Lutz H, Marsilio F, Pennisi MG, Radford AD, Thiry E, Truyen U, Horzinek MC. Feline infectious peritonitis. ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. Journal of feline medicine and surgery. 2009; 11(7); 594-604. [PubMed: 19481039].
  2. Haijema et al., 2004: Haijema BJ, Volders H, Rottier PJ. Live, attenuated coronavirus vaccines through the directed deletion of group-specific genes provide protection against feline infectious peritonitis. Journal of virology. 2004; 78(8); 3863-3871. [PubMed: 15047802].

Feline leukemia virus

  1. Hanlon et al., 2001: Hanlon L, Argyle D, Bain D, Nicolson L, Dunham S, Golder MC, McDonald M, McGillivray C, Jarrett O, Neil JC, Onions DE. Feline leukemia virus DNA vaccine efficacy is enhanced by coadministration with interleukin-12 (IL-12) and IL-18 expression vectors. Journal of virology. 2001; 75(18); 8424-8433. [PubMed: 11507187].
  2. Poulet et al., 2003: Poulet H, Brunet S, Boularand C, Guiot AL, Leroy V, Tartaglia J, Minke J, Audonnet JC, Desmettre P. Efficacy of a canarypox virus-vectored vaccine against feline leukaemia. The Veterinary record. 2003; 153(5); 141-145. [PubMed: 12934796].
  3. Tartaglia et al., 1993: Tartaglia J, Jarrett O, Neil JC, Desmettre P, Paoletti E. Protection of cats against feline leukemia virus by vaccination with a canarypox virus recombinant, ALVAC-FL. Journal of virology. 1993; 67(4); 2370-2375. [PubMed: 8383248].
  4. Wiki: Feline leukemia virus: Feline leukemia virus []

Feline panleukopenia virus

  1. Truyen et al., 2009: Truyen U, Addie D, Belák S, Boucraut-Baralon C, Egberink H, Frymus T, Gruffydd-Jones T, Hartmann K, Hosie MJ, Lloret A, Lutz H, Marsilio F, Pennisi MG, Radford AD, Thiry E, Horzinek MC. Feline panleukopenia. ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. Journal of feline medicine and surgery. 2009; 11(7); 538-546. [PubMed: 19481033].
  2. Wiki: Feline Panleukopenia: Wiki: Feline Panleukopenia []

Flavobacterium columnare

  1. Dumpala et al., 2010: Dumpala PR, Gülsoy N, Lawrence ML, Karsi A. Proteomic analysis of the fish pathogen Flavobacterium columnare. Proteome science. 2010; 8; 26. [PubMed: 20525376].

Foot-and-mouth disease virus

  1. Dar et al., 2012: Dar PA, Ganesh K, Nagarajan G, Sarika S, Reddy GR, Suryanarayana VV. Sindbis virus replicase-based DNA vaccine construct encoding FMDV-specific multivalent epitope gene: studies on its immune responses in guinea pigs. Scandinavian journal of immunology. 2012; 76(4); 345-353. [PubMed: 22702835].
  2. Fowler et al., 2012: Fowler V, Robinson L, Bankowski B, Cox S, Parida S, Lawlor C, Gibson D, O'Brien F, Ellefsen B, Hannaman D, Takamatsu HH, Barnett PV. A DNA vaccination regime including protein boost and electroporation protects cattle against foot-and-mouth disease. Antiviral research. 2012; 94(1); 25-34. [PubMed: 22330893].
  3. Joyappa et al., 2009: Joyappa DH, Kumar CA, Banumathi N, Reddy GR, Suryanarayana VV. Calcium phosphate nanoparticle prepared with foot and mouth disease virus P1-3CD gene construct protects mice and guinea pigs against the challenge virus. Veterinary microbiology. 2009; 139(1-2); 58-66. [PubMed: 19505774].
  4. Reddy et al., 2012: Reddy KS, Rashmi BR, Dechamma HJ, Gopalakrishna S, Banumathi N, Suryanarayana VV, Reddy GR. Cationic microparticle [poly(D,L-lactide-co-glycolide)]-coated DNA vaccination induces a long-term immune response against foot and mouth disease in guinea pigs. The journal of gene medicine. 2012; 14(5); 348-352. [PubMed: 22438260].
  5. Shao et al., 2005: Shao HJ, Chen L, Su YB. DNA fragment encoding human IL-1beta 163-171 peptide enhances the immune responses elicited in mice by DNA vaccine against foot-and-mouth disease. Veterinary research communications. 2005; 29(1); 35-46. [PubMed: 15727290].
  6. Wang et al., 2006: Wang F, He XW, Jiang L, Ren D, He Y, Li DA, Sun SH. Enhanced immunogenicity of microencapsulated multiepitope DNA vaccine encoding T and B cell epitopes of foot-and-mouth disease virus in mice. Vaccine. 2006; 24(12); 2017-2026. [PubMed: 16414158].
  7. Ward et al., 1997: Ward G, Rieder E, Mason PW. Plasmid DNA encoding replicating foot-and-mouth disease virus genomes induces antiviral immune responses in swine. Journal of virology. 1997; 71(10); 7442-7447. [PubMed: 9311823].
  8. Wiki: Foot and mouth disease: Wiki: Foot and mouth disease []

Fowlpox virus

  1. Merck Vet Manual: Fowlpox: Merck Veterinary Manual- Fowlpox in Chickens and Turkeys []
  2. Wiki: Fowlpox: Wiki: Fowlpox []

Francisella tularensis

  1. Bakshi et al., 2006: Bakshi CS, Malik M, Regan K, Melendez JA, Metzger DW, Pavlov VM, Sellati TJ. Superoxide dismutase B gene (sodB)-deficient mutants of Francisella tularensis demonstrate hypersensitivity to oxidative stress and attenuated virulence. Journal of bacteriology. 2006 Sep; 188(17); 6443-8. [PubMed: 16923916].
  2. Bakshi et al., 2008: Bakshi CS, Malik M, Mahawar M, Kirimanjeswara GS, Hazlett KR, Palmer LE, Furie MB, Singh R, Melendez JA, Sellati TJ, Metzger DW. An improved vaccine for prevention of respiratory tularemia caused by Francisella tularensis SchuS4 strain. Vaccine. 2008; 26(41); 5276-5288. [PubMed: 18692537].
  3. Bokhari et al., 2008: Bokhari SM, Kim KJ, Pinson DM, Slusser J, Yeh HW, Parmely MJ. NK cells and gamma interferon coordinate the formation and function of hepatic granulomas in mice infected with the Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain. Infection and immunity. 2008; 76(4); 1379-1389. [PubMed: 18227174].
  4. Breitbach et al., 2008: Breitbach K, Köhler J, Steinmetz I. Induction of protective immunity against Burkholderia pseudomallei using attenuated mutants with defects in the intracellular life cycle. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene. 2008; 102 Suppl 1; S89-94. [PubMed: 19121696].
  5. Cong et al., 2009: Cong Y, Yu JJ, Guentzel MN, Berton MT, Seshu J, Klose KE, Arulanandam BP. Vaccination with a defined Francisella tularensis subsp. novicida pathogenicity island mutant (DeltaiglB) induces protective immunity against homotypic and heterotypic challenge. Vaccine. 2009; 27(41); 5554-5561. [PubMed: 19651173].
  6. Conlan et al., 2010: Conlan JW, Shen H, Golovliov I, Zingmark C, Oyston PC, Chen W, House RV, Sjöstedt A. Differential ability of novel attenuated targeted deletion mutants of Francisella tularensis subspecies tularensis strain SCHU S4 to protect mice against aerosol challenge with virulent bacteria: effects of host background and route of immunization. Vaccine. 2010; 28(7); 1824-1831. [PubMed: 20018266].
  7. Dreisbach et al., 2000: Dreisbach VC, Cowley S, Elkins KL. Purified lipopolysaccharide from Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain (LVS) induces protective immunity against LVS infection that requires B cells and gamma interferon. Infection and immunity. 2000 Apr; 68(4); 1988-96. [PubMed: 10722593].
  8. Elkins et al., 1996: Elkins KL, Rhinehart-Jones TR, Culkin SJ, Yee D, Winegar RK. Minimal requirements for murine resistance to infection with Francisella tularensis LVS. Infection and immunity. 1996 Aug; 64(8); 3288-93. [PubMed: 8757866].
  9. Gregory et al., 2010: Gregory SH, Chen WH, Mott S, Palardy JE, Parejo NA, Heninger S, Anderson CA, Artenstein AW, Opal SM, Cross AS. Detoxified endotoxin vaccine (J5dLPS/OMP) protects mice against lethal respiratory challenge with Francisella tularensis SchuS4. Vaccine. 2010; 28(16); 2908-2915. [PubMed: 20170768].
  10. Hartley et al., 2004: Hartley MG, Green M, Choules G, Rogers D, Rees DG, Newstead S, Sjostedt A, Titball RW. Protection afforded by heat shock protein 60 from Francisella tularensis is due to copurified lipopolysaccharide. Infection and immunity. 2004; 72(7); 4109-4113. [PubMed: 15213156].
  11. Hepburn et al., 2006: Hepburn MJ, Purcell BK, Lawler JV, Coyne SR, Petitt PL, Sellers KD, Norwood DA, Ulrich MP. Live vaccine strain Francisella tularensis is detectable at the inoculation site but not in blood after vaccination against tularemia. Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. 2006 Sep 15; 43(6); 711-6. [PubMed: 16912944].
  12. Isherwood et al., 2005: Isherwood KE, Titball RW, Davies DH, Felgner PL, Morrow WJ. Vaccination strategies for Francisella tularensis. Advanced drug delivery reviews. 2005 Jun 17; 57(9); 1403-14. [PubMed: 15919131].
  13. Jayakar et al., 2011: Jayakar HR, Parvathareddy J, Fitzpatrick EA, Bina XR, Bina JE, Re F, Emery FD, Miller MA. A galU Mutant of Francisella tularensis is Attenuated for Virulence in a Murine Pulmonary Model of Tularemia. BMC microbiology. 2011; 11(1); 179. [PubMed: 21819572].
  14. Jia et al., 2009: Jia Q, Lee BY, Clemens DL, Bowen RA, Horwitz MA. Recombinant attenuated Listeria monocytogenes vaccine expressing Francisella tularensis IglC induces protection in mice against aerosolized Type A F. tularensis. Vaccine. 2009; 27(8); 1216-1229. [PubMed: 19126421].
  15. Jia et al., 2010: Jia Q, Lee BY, Bowen R, Dillon BJ, Som SM, Horwitz MA. A Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain (LVS) mutant with a deletion in capB, encoding a putative capsular biosynthesis protein, is significantly more attenuated than LVS yet induces potent protective immunity in mice against F. tularensis challenge. Infection and immunity. 2010; 78(10); 4341-4355. [PubMed: 20643859].
  16. Lauriano et al., 2003: Lauriano CM, Barker JR, Nano FE, Arulanandam BP, Klose KE. Allelic exchange in Francisella tularensis using PCR products. FEMS microbiology letters. 2003 Dec 12; 229(2); 195-202. [PubMed: 14680699].
  17. Li et al., 2007: Li J, Ryder C, Mandal M, Ahmed F, Azadi P, Snyder DS, Pechous RD, Zahrt T, Inzana TJ. Attenuation and protective efficacy of an O-antigen-deficient mutant of Francisella tularensis LVS. Microbiology (Reading, England). 2007; 153(Pt 9); 3141-3153. [PubMed: 17768257].
  18. Melillo et al., 2009: Melillo AA, Mahawar M, Sellati TJ, Malik M, Metzger DW, Melendez JA, Bakshi CS. Identification of Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain CuZn superoxide dismutase as critical for resistance to extracellularly generated reactive oxygen species. Journal of bacteriology. 2009; 191(20); 6447-6456. [PubMed: 19684141].
  19. Pammit et al., 2006: Pammit MA, Raulie EK, Lauriano CM, Klose KE, Arulanandam BP. Intranasal vaccination with a defined attenuated Francisella novicida strain induces gamma interferon-dependent antibody-mediated protection against tularemia. Infection and immunity. 2006 Apr; 74(4); 2063-71. [PubMed: 16552035].
  20. Pechous et al., 2006: Pechous R, Celli J, Penoske R, Hayes SF, Frank DW, Zahrt TC. Construction and characterization of an attenuated purine auxotroph in a Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain. Infection and immunity. 2006; 74(8); 4452-4461. [PubMed: 16861631].
  21. Quarry et al., 2007: Quarry JE, Isherwood KE, Michell SL, Diaper H, Titball RW, Oyston PC. A Francisella tularensis subspecies novicida purF mutant, but not a purA mutant, induces protective immunity to tularemia in mice. Vaccine. 2007; 25(11); 2011-2018. [PubMed: 17241711].
  22. Rodriguez et al., 2011: Rodriguez AR, Yu JJ, Murthy AK, Guentzel MN, Klose KE, Forsthuber TG, Chambers JP, Berton MT, Arulanandam BP. Mast cell/IL-4 control of Francisella tularensis replication and host cell death is associated with increased ATP production and phagosomal acidification. Mucosal immunology. 2011; 4(2); 217-226. [PubMed: 20861832].
  23. Rohmer et al., 2006: Rohmer L, Brittnacher M, Svensson K, Buckley D, Haugen E, Zhou Y, Chang J, Levy R, Hayden H, Forsman M, Olson M, Johansson A, Kaul R, Miller SI. Potential source of Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain attenuation determined by genome comparison. Infection and immunity. 2006 Sep 25; ; . [PubMed: 17000723].
  24. Sammons-Jackson et al., 2008: Sammons-Jackson WL, McClelland K, Manch-Citron JN, Metzger DW, Bakshi CS, Garcia E, Rasley A, Anderson BE. Generation and characterization of an attenuated mutant in a response regulator gene of Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain (LVS). DNA and cell biology. 2008; 27(7); 387-403. [PubMed: 18613792].
  25. Santiago et al., 2009: Santiago AE, Cole LE, Franco A, Vogel SN, Levine MM, Barry EM. Characterization of rationally attenuated Francisella tularensis vaccine strains that harbor deletions in the guaA and guaB genes. Vaccine. 2009; 27(18); 2426-2436. [PubMed: 19368784].
  26. Savitt et al., 2009: Savitt AG, Mena-Taboada P, Monsalve G, Benach JL. Francisella tularensis infection-derived monoclonal antibodies provide detection, protection, and therapy. Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI. 2009; 16(3); 414-422. [PubMed: 19176692].
  27. Sebastian et al., 2007: Sebastian S, Dillon ST, Lynch JG, Blalock LT, Balon E, Lee KT, Comstock LE, Conlan JW, Rubin EJ, Tzianabos AO, Kasper DL. A defined O-antigen polysaccharide mutant of Francisella tularensis live vaccine strain has attenuated virulence while retaining its protective capacity. Infection and immunity. 2007; 75(5); 2591-2602. [PubMed: 17296751].
  28. Sjöstedt et al., 1992: Sjöstedt A, Sandström G, Tärnvik A. Humoral and cell-mediated immunity in mice to a 17-kilodalton lipoprotein of Francisella tularensis expressed by Salmonella typhimurium. Infection and immunity. 1992; 60(7); 2855-2862. [PubMed: 1612751].
  29. Tempel et al., 2006: Tempel R, Lai XH, Crosa L, Kozlowicz B, Heffron F. Attenuated Francisella novicida transposon mutants protect mice against wild-type challenge. Infection and immunity. 2006 Sep; 74(9); 5095-105. [PubMed: 16926401].
  30. Twine et al., 2005: Twine S, Bystrom M, Chen W, Forsman M, Golovliov I, Johansson A, Kelly J, Lindgren H, Svensson K, Zingmark C, Conlan W, Sjostedt A. A mutant of Francisella tularensis strain SCHU S4 lacking the ability to express a 58-kilodalton protein is attenuated for virulence and is an effective live vaccine. Infection and immunity. 2005 Dec; 73(12); 8345-52. [PubMed: 16299332 ].
  31. Yu et al., 2010: Yu JJ, Goluguri T, Guentzel MN, Chambers JP, Murthy AK, Klose KE, Forsthuber TG, Arulanandam BP. Francisella tularensis T-cell antigen identification using humanized HLA-DR4 transgenic mice. Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI. 2010; 17(2); 215-222. [PubMed: 20016043].

Gallid herpesvirus 1

  1. Chen et al., 2011: Chen HY, Zhang HY, Li XS, Cui BA, Wang SJ, Geng JW, Li K. Interleukin-18-mediated enhancement of the protective effect of an infectious laryngotracheitis virus glycoprotein B plasmid DNA vaccine in chickens. Journal of medical microbiology. 2011; 60(Pt 1); 110-116. [PubMed: 20829398].
  2. Fuchs et al., 2007: Fuchs W, Veits J, Helferich D, Granzow H, Teifke JP, Mettenleiter TC. Molecular biology of avian infectious laryngotracheitis virus. Veterinary research. 2007; 38(2); 261-279. [PubMed: 17296156].
  3. Han et al., 2002: Han MG, Kweon CH, Mo IP, Kim SJ. Pathogenicity and vaccine efficacy of a thymidine kinase gene deleted infectious laryngotracheitis virus expressing the green fluorescent protein gene. Archives of virology. 2002; 147(5); 1017-1031. [PubMed: 12021870].
  4. Helferich et al., 2007: Helferich D, Veits J, Teifke JP, Mettenleiter TC, Fuchs W. The UL47 gene of avian infectious laryngotracheitis virus is not essential for in vitro replication but is relevant for virulence in chickens. The Journal of general virology. 2007; 88(Pt 3); 732-742. [PubMed: 17325345].
  5. Veits et al., 2003: Veits J, Lüschow D, Kindermann K, Werner O, Teifke JP, Mettenleiter TC, Fuchs W. Deletion of the non-essential UL0 gene of infectious laryngotracheitis (ILT) virus leads to attenuation in chickens, and UL0 mutants expressing influenza virus haemagglutinin (H7) protect against ILT and fowl plague. The Journal of general virology. 2003; 84(Pt 12); 3343-3352. [PubMed: 14645915].

Giardia duodenalis

  1. Abdul-Wahid and Faubert, 2007: Abdul-Wahid A, Faubert G. Mucosal delivery of a transmission-blocking DNA vaccine encoding Giardia lamblia CWP2 by Salmonella typhimurium bactofection vehicle. Vaccine. 2007; 25(50); 8372-8383. [PubMed: 17996337].
  2. Lee et al., 2009: Lee P, Abdul-Wahid A, Faubert GM. Comparison of the local immune response against Giardia lamblia cyst wall protein 2 induced by recombinant Lactococcus lactis and Streptococcus gordonii. Microbes and infection / Institut Pasteur. 2009; 11(1); 20-28. [PubMed: 18992359].
  3. Olson et al., 2000: Olson ME, Ceri H, Morck DW. Giardia vaccination. Parasitology today (Personal ed.). 2000; 16(5); 213-217. [PubMed: 10782082].
  4. Wiki: Giardia lamblia: Giardia lamblia []

Haemophilus influenzae

  1. AAPC 1991: American Academy of Pediatrics Committee. American Academy of Pediatrics Committee on Infectious Diseases: Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate vaccines: recommendations for immunization of infants and children 2 months of age and older: update. Pediatrics. 1991; 88(1); 169-172. [PubMed: 2057256].
  2. ActHIB 2005: Haemophilus b conjugate vaccine ActHIB []
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  4. Barenkamp, 1986: Barenkamp SJ. Protection by serum antibodies in experimental nontypable Haemophilus influenzae otitis media. Infection and immunity. 1986; 52(2); 572-578. [PubMed: 3486158].
  5. Bertot et al., 2004: Bertot GM, Becker PD, Guzman CA, Grinstein S. Intranasal vaccination with recombinant P6 protein and adamantylamide dipeptide as mucosal adjuvant confers efficient protection against otitis media and lung infection by nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae. The Journal of infectious diseases. 2004 Apr 1; 189(7); 1304-12. [PubMed: 15031801].
  6. Bolduc et al., 2000: Bolduc GR, Bouchet V, Jiang RZ, Geisselsoder J, Truong-Bolduc QC, Rice PA, Pelton SI, Goldstein R. Variability of outer membrane protein P1 and its evaluation as a vaccine candidate against experimental otitis media due to nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae: an unambiguous, multifaceted approach. Infection and immunity. 2000 Aug; 68(8); 4505-17. [PubMed: 10899849].
  7. Clancy et al., 1985: Clancy R, Cripps A, Murree-Allen K, Yeung S, Engel M. Oral immunisation with killed Haemophilus influenzae for protection against acute bronchitis in chronic obstructive lung disease. Lancet. 1985 Dec 21-28; 2(8469-70); 1395-7. [PubMed: 2867396].
  8. Clancy et al., 1990: Clancy RL, Cripps AW, Gebski V. Protection against recurrent acute bronchitis after oral immunization with killed Haemophilus influenzae. The Medical journal of Australia. 1990 Apr 16; 152(8); 413-6. [PubMed: 2184330].
  9. Clancy et al., 1992: Clancy RL, Cripps AW. Specific protection against acute bronchitis associated with nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae. The Journal of infectious diseases. 1992 Jun; 165 Suppl 1; S194-5. [PubMed: 1588162].
  10. Comvax: Comvax []
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  12. FDA: ACTHIB: FDA: ACTHIB Vaccine for Haemophilus influenzae []
  13. FDA: COMVAX: FDA: COMVAX information []
  14. FDA: MenHibrix: FDA: MenHibrix Package insert []
  15. FDA: Pentacel: FDA: Pentacel []
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  17. Foxwell et al., 2006: Foxwell AR, Cripps AW, Dear KB. Haemophilus influenzae oral whole cell vaccination for preventing acute exacerbations of chronic bronchitis. Cochrane database of systematic reviews (Online). 2006 Oct 18; (4); CD001958. [PubMed: 17054150 ].
  18. Fritzell et al., 1992: Fritzell B, Plotkin S. Efficacy and safety of a Haemophilus influenzae type b capsular polysaccharide-tetanus protein conjugate vaccine. The Journal of pediatrics. 1992 Sep; 121(3); 355-62. [PubMed: 1517908].
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  22. Gu et al., 2003: Gu XX, Rudy SF, Chu C, McCullagh L, Kim HN, Chen J, Li J, Robbins JB, Van Waes C, Battey JF. Phase I study of a lipooligosaccharide-based conjugate vaccine against nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae. Vaccine. 2003 May 16; 21(17-18); 2107-14. [PubMed: 12706701].
  23. HibTITER 2007: HAEMOPHILUS b CONJUGATE VACCINE (Diphtheria CRM197 Protein Conjugate) HibTITER® []
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Haemophilus parasuis

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Haemophilus somnus

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Helicobacter pylori

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  6. et al., 2011: Lü L, Zeng HQ, Wang PL, Shen W, Xiang TX, Mei ZC. Oral immunization with recombinant Mycobacterium smegmatis expressing the outer membrane protein 26-kilodalton antigen confers prophylactic protection against Helicobacter pylori infection. Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI. 2011; 18(11); 1957-1961. [PubMed: 21900527].
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Hendra virus

  1. Brown et al., 2011: Brown KS, Safronetz D, Marzi A, Ebihara H, Feldmann H. Vesicular stomatitis virus-based vaccine protects hamsters against lethal challenge with Andes virus. Journal of virology. 2011; 85(23); 12781-12791. [PubMed: 21917979].
  2. CDC: Hendra virus: Hendra Virus Disease and Nipah Virus Encephalitis []
  3. McEachern et al., 2008: McEachern JA, Bingham J, Crameri G, Green DJ, Hancock TJ, Middleton D, Feng YR, Broder CC, Wang LF, Bossart KN. A recombinant subunit vaccine formulation protects against lethal Nipah virus challenge in cats. Vaccine. 2008; 26(31); 3842-3852. [PubMed: 18556094].

Hepatitis A virus

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  2. EMC: Epaxal: EMC: Epaxal Product Information []
  3. FDA: Havrix: FDA: Havrix vaccine information []
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  9. SP: Avaxim Pediatrix: SP: Avaxim Pediatrix []
  10. Wiki: Hepatitis A: Wiki: Hepatitis A virus []

Hepatitis B virus

  1. Chen et al., 2011: Chen JH, Yu YS, Liu HH, Chen XH, Xi M, Zang GQ, Tang ZH. Ubiquitin conjugation of hepatitis B virus core antigen DNA vaccine leads to enhanced cell-mediated immune response in BALB/c mice. Hepatitis monthly. 2011; 11(8); 620-628. [PubMed: 22140385].
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  4. Davis et al., 1993: Davis HL, Michel ML, Whalen RG. DNA-based immunization induces continuous secretion of hepatitis B surface antigen and high levels of circulating antibody. Human molecular genetics. 1993; 2(11); 1847-1851. [PubMed: 8281146].
  5. Davis et al., 1996: Davis HL, McCluskie MJ, Gerin JL, Purcell RH. DNA vaccine for hepatitis B: evidence for immunogenicity in chimpanzees and comparison with other vaccines. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1996; 93(14); 7213-7218. [PubMed: 8692971].
  6. FDA COMVAX: FDA COMVAX package insert information []
  9. FDA: Pediarix: FDA: Pediarix []
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  13. Hwang et al., 2002: Hwang YK, Kim NK, Park JM, Lee K, Han WK, Kim HI, Cheong HS. HLA-A2 1 restricted peptides from the HBx antigen induce specific CTL responses in vitro and in vivo. Vaccine. 2002; 20(31-32); 3770-3777. [PubMed: 12399208].
  14. Jain et al., 2009: Jain V, Vyas SP, Kohli DV. Well-defined and potent liposomal hepatitis B vaccines adjuvanted with lipophilic MDP derivatives. Nanomedicine : nanotechnology, biology, and medicine. 2009; 5(3); 334-344. [PubMed: 19523433].
  15. Khatri et al., 2008: Khatri K, Goyal AK, Gupta PN, Mishra N, Vyas SP. Plasmid DNA loaded chitosan nanoparticles for nasal mucosal immunization against hepatitis B. International journal of pharmaceutics. 2008; 354(1-2); 235-241. [PubMed: 18182259].
  16. Kuhröber et al., 1997: Kuhröber A, Wild J, Pudollek HP, Chisari FV, Reimann J. DNA vaccination with plasmids encoding the intracellular (HBcAg) or secreted (HBeAg) form of the core protein of hepatitis B virus primes T cell responses to two overlapping Kb- and Kd-restricted epitopes. International immunology. 1997; 9(8); 1203-1212. [PubMed: 9263018].
  17. Kwissa et al., 2003: Kwissa M, Kröger A, Hauser H, Reimann J, Schirmbeck R. Cytokine-facilitated priming of CD8+ T cell responses by DNA vaccination. Journal of molecular medicine (Berlin, Germany). 2003; 81(2); 91-9101. [PubMed: 12601525].
  18. Merck: Recombivax HB: Merck: Recombivax HB vaccine information []
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  21. Qing et al., 2010: Qing Y, Chen M, Zhao J, Hu H, Xu H, Ling N, Peng M, Ren H. Construction of an HBV DNA vaccine by fusion of the GM-CSF gene to the HBV-S gene and examination of its immune effects in normal and HBV-transgenic mice. Vaccine. 2010; 28(26); 4301-4307. [PubMed: 20430121].
  22. Quiroga et al., 1990: Quiroga JA, Castillo I, Porres JC, Casado S, Sáez F, Gracia Martínez M, Gómez M, Inglada L, Sánchez-Sicilia L, Mora A. Recombinant gamma-interferon as adjuvant to hepatitis B vaccine in hemodialysis patients. Hepatology (Baltimore, Md.). 1990; 12(4 Pt 1); 661-663. [PubMed: 2145212].
  23. Schirmbeck et al., 1995: Schirmbeck R, Böhm W, Ando K, Chisari FV, Reimann J. Nucleic acid vaccination primes hepatitis B virus surface antigen-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes in nonresponder mice. Journal of virology. 1995; 69(10); 5929-5934. [PubMed: 7666497].
  24. Tacket et al., 1999: Tacket CO, Roy MJ, Widera G, Swain WF, Broome S, Edelman R. Phase 1 safety and immune response studies of a DNA vaccine encoding hepatitis B surface antigen delivered by a gene delivery device. Vaccine. 1999; 17(22); 2826-2829. [PubMed: 10438052].
  25. Thermet et al., 2003: Thermet A, Rollier C, Zoulim F, Trepo C, Cova L. Progress in DNA vaccine for prophylaxis and therapy of hepatitis B. Vaccine. 2003; 21(7-8); 659-662. [PubMed: 12531335].
  26. Triyatni et al., 1998: Triyatni M, Jilbert AR, Qiao M, Miller DS, Burrell CJ. Protective efficacy of DNA vaccines against duck hepatitis B virus infection. Journal of virology. 1998; 72(1); 84-94. [PubMed: 9420203].
  27. Wang et al., 2000: Wang S, Liu X, Fisher K, Smith JG, Chen F, Tobery TW, Ulmer JB, Evans RK, Caulfield MJ. Enhanced type I immune response to a hepatitis B DNA vaccine by formulation with calcium- or aluminum phosphate. Vaccine. 2000; 18(13); 1227-1235. [PubMed: 10649624].
  28. Wiki: Hepatitis B: Wiki: Hepatitis B virus []
  29. Xu et al., 2005: Xu W, Chu Y, Zhang R, Xu H, Wang Y, Xiong S. Endoplasmic reticulum targeting sequence enhances HBV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes induced by a CTL epitope-based DNA vaccine. Virology. 2005; 334(2); 255-263. [PubMed: 15780875].
  30. Zhang et al., 2001: Zhang Z, Torii N, Hu Z, Jacob J, Liang TJ. X-deficient woodchuck hepatitis virus mutants behave like attenuated viruses and induce protective immunity in vivo. The Journal of clinical investigation. 2001; 108(10); 1523-1531. [PubMed: 11714744].
  31. Zhang et al., 2006: Zhang W, Dong SF, Sun SH, Wang Y, Li GD, Qu D. Coimmunization with IL-15 plasmid enhances the longevity of CD8 T cells induced by DNA encoding hepatitis B virus core antigen. World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 2006; 12(29); 4727-4735. [PubMed: 16937447].
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  33. Zhou et al., 2003: Zhou X, Zheng L, Liu L, Xiang L, Yuan Z. T helper 2 immunity to hepatitis B surface antigen primed by gene-gun-mediated DNA vaccination can be shifted towards T helper 1 immunity by codelivery of CpG motif-containing oligodeoxynucleotides. Scandinavian journal of immunology. 2003; 58(3); 350-357. [PubMed: 12950682].
  34. Zinckgraf and Silbart, 2003: Zinckgraf JW, Silbart LK. Modulating gene expression using DNA vaccines with different 3'-UTRs influences antibody titer, seroconversion and cytokine profiles. Vaccine. 2003; 21(15); 1640-1649. [PubMed: 12639485].

Hepatitis C virus

  1. CDC - Hepatitis C: Hepatitis C Information for Health Professionals []
  2. Geissler et al., 1997: Geissler M, Gesien A, Tokushige K, Wands JR. Enhancement of cellular and humoral immune responses to hepatitis C virus core protein using DNA-based vaccines augmented with cytokine-expressing plasmids. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 1997; 158(3); 1231-1237. [PubMed: 9013964].
  3. Lang et al., 2012: Lang Kuhs KA, Ginsberg AA, Yan J, Wiseman RW, Khan AS, Sardesai NY, O'Connor DH, Weiner DB. Hepatitis C virus NS3/NS4A DNA vaccine induces multiepitope T cell responses in rhesus macaques mimicking human immune responses. Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy. 2012; 20(3); 669-678. [PubMed: 21952169].

Hepatitis D virus

  1. A.D.A.M. Medical Encyclopedia: Delta agent (Hepatitis D) []
  2. Fiedler et al., 2013: Fiedler M, Kosinska A, Schumann A, Brovko O, Walker A, Lu M, Johrden L, Mayer A, Wildner O, Roggendorf M. Prime/Boost Immunization with DNA and Adenoviral Vectors Protects from Hepatitis D Virus (HDV) Infection after Simultaneous Infection with HDV and Woodchuck Hepatitis Virus. Journal of virology. 2013; ; . [PubMed: 23637419].

Hepatitis E virus

  1. CDC - Hepatitis E: Hepatitis E Information for Health Professionals []
  2. He et al., 1997: He J, Hoffman SL, Hayes CG. DNA inoculation with a plasmid vector carrying the hepatitis E virus structural protein gene induces immune response in mice. Vaccine. 1997; 15(4); 357-362. [PubMed: 9141205].

Herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2

  1. Awasthi et al., 2008: Awasthi S, Lubinski JM, Eisenberg RJ, Cohen GH, Friedman HM. An HSV-1 gD mutant virus as an entry-impaired live virus vaccine. Vaccine. 2008; 26(9); 1195-1203. [PubMed: 18243431].
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Human Respiratory Syncytial Virus

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Infectious Bronchitis Virus (IBV)

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Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV)

  1. Butter et al., 2013: Butter C, Staines K, van Hateren A, Davison TF, Kaufman J. The peptide motif of the single dominantly expressed class I molecule of the chicken MHC can explain the response to a molecular defined vaccine of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). Immunogenetics. 2013; 65(8); 609-618. [PubMed: 23644721].
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  8. Zhang et al., 2014: Zhang J, Chen XW, Tong TZ, Ye Y, Liao M, Fan HY. BacMam virus-based surface display of the infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) S1 glycoprotein confers strong protection against virulent IBV challenge in chickens. Vaccine. 2014; 32(6); 664-670. [PubMed: 24342247].

Infectious Hematopoietic Necrosis Virus

  1. Anderson et al., 1996: Anderson ED, Mourich DV, Fahrenkrug SC, LaPatra S, Shepherd J, Leong JA. Genetic immunization of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) against infectious hematopoietic necrosis virus. Molecular marine biology and biotechnology. 1996; 5(2); 114-122. [PubMed: 8680524].
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infectious laryngotracheitis virus

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  3. Kanabagatte et al., 2014: Kanabagatte Basavarajappa M, Kumar S, Khattar SK, Gebreluul GT, Paldurai A, Samal SK. A recombinant Newcastle disease virus (NDV) expressing infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) surface glycoprotein D protects against highly virulent ILTV and NDV challenges in chickens. Vaccine. 2014; 32(28); 3555-3563. [PubMed: 24793943].
  4. Vagnozzi et al., 2012: Vagnozzi A, Zavala G, Riblet SM, Mundt A, García M. Protection induced by commercially available live-attenuated and recombinant viral vector vaccines against infectious laryngotracheitis virus in broiler chickens. Avian pathology : journal of the W.V.P.A. 2012; 41(1); 21-31. [PubMed: 22845318].

Infectious pancreatic necrosis virus

  1. Merck - Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis Virus: Infectious Pancreatic Necrosis []
  2. Mikalsen et al., 2004: Mikalsen AB, Torgersen J, Aleström P, Hellemann AL, Koppang EO, Rimstad E. Protection of atlantic salmon Salmo salar against infectious pancreatic necrosis after DNA vaccination. Diseases of aquatic organisms. 2004; 60(1); 11-20. [PubMed: 15352520].

Infectious salmon anemia virus

  1. Rimstad and Mjaaland, 2002: Rimstad E, Mjaaland S. Infectious salmon anaemia virus. APMIS : acta pathologica, microbiologica, et immunologica Scandinavica. 2002; 110(4); 273-282. [PubMed: 12076262].
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Influenza virus

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Lassa Fever Virus

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  6. Geisbert et al., 2005: Geisbert TW, Jones S, Fritz EA, Shurtleff AC, Geisbert JB, Liebscher R, Grolla A, Stroher U, Fernando L, Daddario KM, Guttieri MC, Mothe BR, Larsen T, Hensley LE, Jahrling PB, Feldmann H. Development of a new vaccine for the prevention of Lassa fever. PLoS medicine. 2005 Jun; 2(6); e183. [PubMed: 15971954].
  7. Jiang et al., 2011: Jiang X, Dalebout TJ, Bredenbeek PJ, Carrion R Jr, Brasky K, Patterson J, Goicochea M, Bryant J, Salvato MS, Lukashevich IS. Yellow fever 17D-vectored vaccines expressing Lassa virus GP1 and GP2 glycoproteins provide protection against fatal disease in guinea pigs. Vaccine. 2011; 29(6); 1248-1257. [PubMed: 21145373].
  8. Lukashevich et al., 2005: Lukashevich IS, Patterson J, Carrion R, Moshkoff D, Ticer A, Zapata J, Brasky K, Geiger R, Hubbard GB, Bryant J, Salvato MS. A live attenuated vaccine for Lassa fever made by reassortment of Lassa and Mopeia viruses. Journal of virology. 2005 Nov; 79(22); 13934-42. [PubMed: 16254329].
  9. Morrison et al., 1989: Morrison HG, Bauer SP, Lange JV, Esposito JJ, McCormick JB, Auperin DD. Protection of guinea pigs from Lassa fever by vaccinia virus recombinants expressing the nucleoprotein or the envelope glycoproteins of Lassa virus. Virology. 1989; 171(1); 179-188. [PubMed: 2741340].
  10. Rodriguez-Carreno et al., 2005: Rodriguez-Carreno MP, Nelson MS, Botten J, Smith-Nixon K, Buchmeier MJ, Whitton JL. Evaluating the immunogenicity and protective efficacy of a DNA vaccine encoding Lassa virus nucleoprotein. Virology. 2005; 335(1); 87-98. [PubMed: 15823608].

Lawsonia intracellularis

  1. Guedes and Gebhart, 2003: Guedes RM, Gebhart CJ. Onset and duration of fecal shedding, cell-mediated and humoral immune responses in pigs after challenge with a pathogenic isolate or attenuated vaccine strain of Lawsonia intracellularis. Veterinary microbiology. 2003; 91(2-3); 135-145. [PubMed: 12458163].
  2. Kroll et al., 2004: Kroll JJ, Roof MB, McOrist S. Evaluation of protective immunity in pigs following oral administration of an avirulent live vaccine of Lawsonia intracellularis. American journal of veterinary research. 2004; 65(5); 559-565. [PubMed: 15141873].
  3. MicrobeWiki: Lawsonia intracellularis: Lawsonia intracellularis []

Leishmania amazonensis

  1. Campbell et al., 2003: Campbell K, Diao H, Ji J, Soong L. DNA immunization with the gene encoding P4 nuclease of Leishmania amazonensis protects mice against cutaneous Leishmaniasis. Infection and immunity. 2003; 71(11); 6270-6278. [PubMed: 14573646].
  2. Campbell et al., 2004: Campbell K, Popov V, Soong L. Identification and molecular characterization of a gene encoding a protective Leishmania amazonensis Trp-Asp (WD) protein. Infection and immunity. 2004; 72(4); 2194-2202. [PubMed: 15039343].
  3. Champsi and McMahon-Pratt, 1988: Champsi J, McMahon-Pratt D. Membrane glycoprotein M-2 protects against Leishmania amazonensis infection. Infection and immunity. 1988; 56(12); 3272-3279. [PubMed: 3182080].
  4. Dumonteil et al., 2000: Dumonteil E, Andrade-Narvarez F, Escobedo-Ortegon J, Ramirez-Sierra MJ, Valencia-Pacheco G, Flores-Serrano A, Canto-Lara S, Arjona-Torres A. Comparative study of DNA vaccines encoding various antigens against Leishmania mexicana. Developments in biologicals. 2000; 104; 135-141. [PubMed: 11713811].
  5. Fedeli et al., 2010: Fedeli CE, Ferreira JH, Mussalem JS, Longo-Maugéri IM, Gentil LG, dos Santos MR, Katz S, Barbiéri CL. Partial protective responses induced by a recombinant cysteine proteinase from Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonensis in a murine model of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Experimental parasitology. 2010; 124(2); 153-158. [PubMed: 19735658].

Leishmania donovani

  1. Aguilar-Be et al., 2005: Aguilar-Be I, da Silva Zardo R, Paraguai de Souza E, Borja-Cabrera GP, Rosado-Vallado M, Mut-Martin M, García-Miss Mdel R, Palatnik de Sousa CB, Dumonteil E. Cross-protective efficacy of a prophylactic Leishmania donovani DNA vaccine against visceral and cutaneous murine leishmaniasis. Infection and immunity. 2005; 73(2); 812-819. [PubMed: 15664920].
  2. Arora et al., 2011: Arora SK, Masih S, Vasishta RK. Efficacy of Leishmania donovani ribosomal P1 gene as DNA vaccine in experimental visceral leishmaniasis. Experimental parasitology. 2011; ; . [PubMed: 21640106].
  3. Bhaumik et al., 2009: Bhaumik S, Basu R, Sen S, Naskar K, Roy S. KMP-11 DNA immunization significantly protects against L. donovani infection but requires exogenous IL-12 as an adjuvant for comparable protection against L. major. Vaccine. 2009; 27(9); 1306-1316. [PubMed: 19162111].
  4. Bhowmick and Ali, 2009: Bhowmick S, Ali N. Identification of novel Leishmania donovani antigens that help define correlates of vaccine-mediated protection in visceral leishmaniasis. PloS one. 2009; 4(6); e5820. [PubMed: 19503834].
  5. Bhowmick et al., 2008: Bhowmick S, Ravindran R, Ali N. gp63 in stable cationic liposomes confers sustained vaccine immunity to susceptible BALB/c mice infected with Leishmania donovani. Infection and immunity. 2008; 76(3); 1003-1015. [PubMed: 18195029].
  6. Borja-Cabrera et al., 2002: Borja-Cabrera GP, Correia Pontes NN, da Silva VO, Paraguai de Souza E, Santos WR, Gomes EM, Luz KG, Palatnik M, Palatnik de Sousa CB. Long lasting protection against canine kala-azar using the FML-QuilA saponin vaccine in an endemic area of Brazil (São Gonçalo do Amarante, RN). Vaccine. 2002; 20(27-28); 3277-3284. [PubMed: 12213397].
  7. Chakravarty et al., 2011: Chakravarty J, Kumar S, Trivedi S, Rai VK, Singh A, Ashman JA, Laughlin EM, Coler RN, Kahn SJ, Beckmann AM, Cowgill KD, Reed SG, Sundar S, Piazza FM. A clinical trial to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of the LEISH-F1+MPL-SE vaccine for use in the prevention of visceral leishmaniasis. Vaccine. 2011; 29(19); 3531-3537. [PubMed: 21414377].
  8. Henriquez et al., 2010: Henriquez FL, Campbell SA, Roberts CW, Mullen AB, Burchmore R, Carter KC. Vaccination with recombinant Leishmania donovani gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase fusion protein protects against L. donovani infection. The Journal of parasitology. 2010; 96(5); 929-936. [PubMed: 20950100].
  9. Merck Manual: Leishmaniasis: Leishmaniasis []
  10. Mizbani et al., 2009: Mizbani A, Taheri T, Zahedifard F, Taslimi Y, Azizi H, Azadmanesh K, Papadopoulou B, Rafati S. Recombinant Leishmania tarentolae expressing the A2 virulence gene as a novel candidate vaccine against visceral leishmaniasis. Vaccine. 2009; 28(1); 53-62. [PubMed: 19818721].
  11. Nagill and Kaur, 2010: Nagill R, Kaur S. Enhanced efficacy and immunogenicity of 78kDa antigen formulated in various adjuvants against murine visceral leishmaniasis. Vaccine. 2010; 28(23); 4002-4012. [PubMed: 20093205].
  12. Schroeder et al., 2011: Schroeder J, Brown N, Kaye P, Aebischer T. Single dose novel Salmonella vaccine enhances resistance against visceralizing L. major and L. donovani infection in susceptible BALB/c mice. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2011; 5(12); e1406. [PubMed: 22216363].
  13. Selvapandiyan et al., 2009: Selvapandiyan A, Dey R, Nylen S, Duncan R, Sacks D, Nakhasi HL. Intracellular replication-deficient Leishmania donovani induces long lasting protective immunity against visceral leishmaniasis. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2009; 183(3); 1813-1820. [PubMed: 19592661].
  14. Stäger et al., 2000: Stäger S, Smith DF, Kaye PM. Immunization with a recombinant stage-regulated surface protein from Leishmania donovani induces protection against visceral leishmaniasis. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2000; 165(12); 7064-7071. [PubMed: 11120835].
  15. Sukumaran and Madhubala, 2004: Sukumaran B, Madhubala R. Leishmaniasis: current status of vaccine development. Current molecular medicine. 2004; 4(6); 667-679. [PubMed: 15357215].
  16. Tewary et al., 2006: Tewary P, Saxena S, Madhubala R. Co-administration of IL-12 DNA with rORFF antigen confers long-term protective immunity against experimental visceral leishmaniaisis. Vaccine. 2006; 24(13); 2409-2416. [PubMed: 16413950].
  17. WD: Leishmania donovani: Leishmania donovani []

Leishmania infantum

  1. Carrion et al., 2011: Carrion J, Folgueira C, Soto M, Fresno M, Requena JM. Leishmania infantum HSP70-II null mutant as candidate vaccine against leishmaniasis: a preliminary evaluation. Parasites & vectors. 2011; 4(1); 150. [PubMed: 21794145].
  2. Gonzalo et al., 2001: Gonzalo RM, Rodríguez JR, Rodríguez D, González-Aseguinolaza G, Larraga V, Esteban M. Protective immune response against cutaneous leishmaniasis by prime/booster immunization regimens with vaccinia virus recombinants expressing Leishmania infantum p36/LACK and IL-12 in combination with purified p36. Microbes and infection / Institut Pasteur. 2001; 3(9); 701-711. [PubMed: 11489418].
  3. Goto et al., 2007: Goto Y, Bogatzki LY, Bertholet S, Coler RN, Reed SG. Protective immunization against visceral leishmaniasis using Leishmania sterol 24-c-methyltransferase formulated in adjuvant. Vaccine. 2007; 25(42); 7450-7458. [PubMed: 17804125].
  4. Iborra et al., 2003: Iborra S, Soto M, Carrión J, Nieto A, Fernández E, Alonso C, Requena JM. The Leishmania infantum acidic ribosomal protein P0 administered as a DNA vaccine confers protective immunity to Leishmania major infection in BALB/c mice. Infection and immunity. 2003; 71(11); 6562-6572. [PubMed: 14573678].
  5. Moreno et al., 2007: Moreno J, Nieto J, Masina S, Cañavate C, Cruz I, Chicharro C, Carrillo E, Napp S, Reymond C, Kaye PM, Smith DF, Fasel N, Alvar J. Immunization with H1, HASPB1 and MML Leishmania proteins in a vaccine trial against experimental canine leishmaniasis. Vaccine. 2007; 25(29); 5290-5300. [PubMed: 17576026].
  6. Saljoughian et al., 2013: Saljoughian N, Taheri T, Zahedifard F, Taslimi Y, Doustdari F, Bolhassani A, Doroud D, Azizi H, Heidari K, Vasei M, Namvar Asl N, Papadopoulou B, Rafati S. Development of novel prime-boost strategies based on a tri-gene fusion recombinant L. tarentolae vaccine against experimental murine visceral leishmaniasis. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2013; 7(4); e2174. [PubMed: 23638195].
  7. Wiki: Leishmania infantum: Leishmania infantum []

Leishmania major

  1. Ahmed et al., 2009: Ahmed SB, Touihri L, Chtourou Y, Dellagi K, Bahloul C. DNA based vaccination with a cocktail of plasmids encoding immunodominant Leishmania (Leishmania) major antigens confers full protection in BALB/c mice. Vaccine. 2009; 27(1); 99-9106. [PubMed: 18951941].
  2. Ameen, 2010: Ameen M. Cutaneous leishmaniasis: advances in disease pathogenesis, diagnostics and therapeutics. Clinical and experimental dermatology. 2010; 35(7); 699-705. [PubMed: 20831602].
  3. Bhaumik et al., 2009: Bhaumik S, Basu R, Sen S, Naskar K, Roy S. KMP-11 DNA immunization significantly protects against L. donovani infection but requires exogenous IL-12 as an adjuvant for comparable protection against L. major. Vaccine. 2009; 27(9); 1306-1316. [PubMed: 19162111].
  4. Chenik et al., 2006: Chenik M, Louzir H, Ksontini H, Dilou A, Abdmouleh I, Dellagi K. Vaccination with the divergent portion of the protein histone H2B of Leishmania protects susceptible BALB/c mice against a virulent challenge with Leishmania major. Vaccine. 2006; 24(14); 2521-2529. [PubMed: 16417957].
  5. Handman et al., 1995: Handman E, Symons FM, Baldwin TM, Curtis JM, Scheerlinck JP. Protective vaccination with promastigote surface antigen 2 from Leishmania major is mediated by a TH1 type of immune response. Infection and immunity. 1995; 63(11); 4261-4267. [PubMed: 7591056].
  6. Hezarjaribi et al., 2013: Hezarjaribi HZ, Ghaffarifar F, Dalimi A, Sharifi Z, Jorjani O. Effect of IL-22 on DNA vaccine encoding LACK gene of Leishmania major in BALB/c mice. Experimental parasitology. 2013; 134(3); 341-348. [PubMed: 23541883].
  7. Rafati et al., 2002: Rafati S, Kariminia A, Seyde-Eslami S, Narimani M, Taheri T, Lebbatard M. Recombinant cysteine proteinases-based vaccines against Leishmania major in BALB/c mice: the partial protection relies on interferon gamma producing CD8(+) T lymphocyte activation. Vaccine. 2002; 20(19-20); 2439-2447. [PubMed: 12057598].
  8. Rafati et al., 2006: Rafati S, Ghaemimanesh F, Zahedifard F. Comparison of potential protection induced by three vaccination strategies (DNA/DNA, Protein/Protein and DNA/Protein) against Leishmania major infection using Signal Peptidase type I in BALB/c mice. Vaccine. 2006; 24(16); 3290-3297. [PubMed: 16481076].
  9. Reithinger et al., 2007: Reithinger R, Dujardin JC, Louzir H, Pirmez C, Alexander B, Brooker S. Cutaneous leishmaniasis. The Lancet infectious diseases. 2007; 7(9); 581-596. [PubMed: 17714672].
  10. Schroeder et al., 2011: Schroeder J, Brown N, Kaye P, Aebischer T. Single dose novel Salmonella vaccine enhances resistance against visceralizing L. major and L. donovani infection in susceptible BALB/c mice. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2011; 5(12); e1406. [PubMed: 22216363].
  11. Solioz et al., 1999: Solioz N, Blum-Tirouvanziam U, Jacquet R, Rafati S, Corradin G, Mauël J, Fasel N. The protective capacities of histone H1 against experimental murine cutaneous leishmaniasis. Vaccine. 1999; 18(9-10); 850-859. [PubMed: 10580198].
  12. Walker et al., 1998: Walker PS, Scharton-Kersten T, Rowton ED, Hengge U, Bouloc A, Udey MC, Vogel JC. Genetic immunization with glycoprotein 63 cDNA results in a helper T cell type 1 immune response and protection in a murine model of leishmaniasis. Human gene therapy. 1998; 9(13); 1899-1907. [PubMed: 9741428].
  13. Zahedifard et al., 2014: Zahedifard F, Gholami E, Taheri T, Taslimi Y, Doustdari F, Seyed N, Torkashvand F, Meneses C, Papadopoulou B, Kamhawi S, Valenzuela JG, Rafati S. Enhanced protective efficacy of nonpathogenic recombinant leishmania tarentolae expressing cysteine proteinases combined with a sand fly salivary antigen. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2014; 8(3); e2751. [PubMed: 24675711].

Leptospira spp.

  1. Forster et al., 2013: Forster KM, Hartwig DD, Seixas FK, Bacelo KL, Amaral M, Hartleben CP, Dellagostin OA. A Conserved Region of Leptospiral Immunoglobulin-Like A and B Proteins as a DNA Vaccine Elicits a Prophylactic Immune Response against Leptospirosis. Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI. 2013; 20(5); 725-731. [PubMed: 23486420].
  2. Maneewatch et al., 2007: Maneewatch S, Tapchaisri P, Sakolvaree Y, Klaysing B, Tongtawe P, Chaisri U, Songserm T, Wongratanacheewin S, Srimanote P, Chongsa-nguanz M, Chaicumpa W. OmpL1 DNA vaccine cross-protects against heterologous Leptospira spp. challenge. Asian Pacific journal of allergy and immunology / launched by the Allergy and Immunology Society of Thailand. 2007; 25(1); 75-82. [PubMed: 17891923].
  3. Wiki: Leptospirosis: Wiki: Leptospirosis []

Listeria monocytogenes

  1. Brockstedt et al., 2004: Brockstedt DG, Giedlin MA, Leong ML, Bahjat KS, Gao Y, Luckett W, Liu W, Cook DN, Portnoy DA, Dubensky TW Jr. Listeria-based cancer vaccines that segregate immunogenicity from toxicity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2004; 101(38); 13832-13837. [PubMed: 15365184].
  2. Brockstedt et al., 2005: Brockstedt DG, Bahjat KS, Giedlin MA, Liu W, Leong M, Luckett W, Gao Y, Schnupf P, Kapadia D, Castro G, Lim JY, Sampson-Johannes A, Herskovits AA, Stassinopoulos A, Bouwer HG, Hearst JE, Portnoy DA, Cook DN, Dubensky TW Jr. Killed but metabolically active microbes: a new vaccine paradigm for eliciting effector T-cell responses and protective immunity. Nature medicine. 2005; 11(8); 853-860. [PubMed: 16041382].
  3. Cornell et al., 1999: Cornell KA, Bouwer HG, Hinrichs DJ, Barry RA. Genetic immunization of mice against Listeria monocytogenes using plasmid DNA encoding listeriolysin O. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 1999; 163(1); 322-329. [PubMed: 10384131].
  4. Darji et al., 2003: Darji A, Mohamed W, Domann E, Chakraborty T. Induction of immune responses by attenuated isogenic mutant strains of Listeria monocytogenes. Vaccine. 2003; 21 Suppl 2; S102-109. [PubMed: 12763691].
  5. Grenningloh et al., 2008: Grenningloh R, Darj A, Bauer H, zur Lage S, Chakraborty T, Jacobs T, Weiss S. Liposome-encapsulated antigens induce a protective CTL response against Listeria monocytogenes independent of CD4+ T cell help. Scandinavian journal of immunology. 2008; 67(6); 594-602. [PubMed: 18433404].
  6. Jiang et al., 2007: Jiang S, Rasmussen RA, Nolan KM, Frankel FR, Lieberman J, McClure HM, Williams KM, Babu US, Raybourne RB, Strobert E, Ruprecht RM. Live attenuated Listeria monocytogenes expressing HIV Gag: immunogenicity in rhesus monkeys. Vaccine. 2007; 25(42); 7470-7479. [PubMed: 17854955].
  7. Ramaswamy et al., 2007: Ramaswamy V, Cresence VM, Rejitha JS, Lekshmi MU, Dharsana KS, Prasad SP, Vijila HM. Listeria--review of epidemiology and pathogenesis. Journal of microbiology, immunology, and infection = Wei mian yu gan ran za zhi. 2007; 40(1); 4-13. [PubMed: 17332901].
  8. Wiki: L. monocytogenes: Wiki: Listeria monocytogenes []

Lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus

  1. CDC - LCMV: Lymphocytic Choriomeningitis []
  2. Coon et al., 1999: Coon B, An LL, Whitton JL, von Herrath MG. DNA immunization to prevent autoimmune diabetes. The Journal of clinical investigation. 1999; 104(2); 189-194. [PubMed: 10411548].
  3. Hassett et al., 2000: Hassett DE, Slifka MK, Zhang J, Whitton JL. Direct ex vivo kinetic and phenotypic analyses of CD8(+) T-cell responses induced by DNA immunization. Journal of virology. 2000; 74(18); 8286-8291. [PubMed: 10954526].
  4. Petrini et al., 2011: Petrini S, Ramadori G, Corradi A, Borghetti P, Lombardi G, Villa R, Bottarelli E, Guercio A, Amici A, Ferrari M. Evaluation of safety and efficacy of DNA vaccines against bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1) in calves. Comparative immunology, microbiology and infectious diseases. 2011; 34(1); 3-10. [PubMed: 19906427].
  5. Rottembourg et al., 2010: Rottembourg D, Filippi CM, Bresson D, Ehrhardt K, Estes EA, Oldham JE, von Herrath MG. Essential role for TLR9 in prime but not prime-boost plasmid DNA vaccination to activate dendritic cells and protect from lethal viral infection. Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950). 2010; 184(12); 7100-7107. [PubMed: 20483769].

Mannheimia haemolytica

  1. Homchampa et al., 1994: Homchampa P, Strugnell RA, Adler B. Construction and vaccine potential of an aroA mutant of Pasteurella haemolytica. Veterinary microbiology. 1994; 42(1); 35-44. [PubMed: 7839583].
  2. Rice et al., 2007: Rice JA, Carrasco-Medina L, Hodgins DC, Shewen PE. Mannheimia haemolytica and bovine respiratory disease. Animal health research reviews / Conference of Research Workers in Animal Diseases. 2007; 8(2); 117-128. [PubMed: 18218156].

Marburg Virus

  1. Bausch et al., 2007: Bausch DG, Geisbert TW. Development of vaccines for Marburg hemorrhagic fever. Expert review of vaccines. 2007 Feb; 6(1); 57-74. [PubMed: 17280479].
  2. Daddario-DiCaprio et al., 2006: Daddario-DiCaprio KM, Geisbert TW, Geisbert JB, Stroher U, Hensley LE, Grolla A, Fritz EA, Feldmann F, Feldmann H, Jones SM. Cross-protection against Marburg virus strains by using a live, attenuated recombinant vaccine. Journal of virology. 2006; 80(19); 9659-9666. [PubMed: 16973570].
  3. Geisbert et al., 2010: Geisbert TW, Bailey M, Geisbert JB, Asiedu C, Roederer M, Grazia-Pau M, Custers J, Jahrling P, Goudsmit J, Koup R, Sullivan NJ. Vector choice determines immunogenicity and potency of genetic vaccines against Angola Marburg virus in nonhuman primates. Journal of virology. 2010; 84(19); 10386-10394. [PubMed: 20660192].
  4. Hevey et al., 1997: Hevey M, Negley D, Geisbert J, Jahrling P, Schmaljohn A. Antigenicity and vaccine potential of Marburg virus glycoprotein expressed by baculovirus recombinants. Virology. 1997 Dec 8; 239(1); 206-16. [PubMed: 9426460 ].
  5. Hevey et al., 1998: Hevey M, Negley D, Pushko P, Smith J, Schmaljohn A. Marburg virus vaccines based upon alphavirus replicons protect guinea pigs and nonhuman primates. Virology. 1998 Nov 10; 251(1); 28-37. [PubMed: 9813200 ].
  6. Jones et al., 2005: Jones SM, Feldmann H, Ströher U, Geisbert JB, Fernando L, Grolla A, Klenk HD, Sullivan NJ, Volchkov VE, Fritz EA, Daddario KM, Hensley LE, Jahrling PB, Geisbert TW. Live attenuated recombinant vaccine protects nonhuman primates against Ebola and Marburg viruses. Nature medicine. 2005; 11(7); 786-790. [PubMed: 15937495].
  7. Mohamadzadeh et al., 2007: Mohamadzadeh M, Chen L, Schmaljohn AL. How Ebola and Marburg viruses battle the immune system. Nature reviews. Immunology. 2007; 7(7); 556-567. [PubMed: 17589545].
  8. Riemenschneider et al., 2003: Riemenschneider J, Garrison A, Geisbert J, Jahrling P, Hevey M, Negley D, Schmaljohn A, Lee J, Hart MK, Vanderzanden L, Custer D, Bray M, Ruff A, Ivins B, Bassett A, Rossi C, Schmaljohn C. Comparison of individual and combination DNA vaccines for B. anthracis, Ebola virus, Marburg virus and Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus. Vaccine. 2003; 21(25-26); 4071-4080. [PubMed: 12922144 ].
  9. Swenson et al., 2005: Swenson DL, Warfield KL, Negley DL, Schmaljohn A, Aman MJ, Bavari S. Virus-like particles exhibit potential as a pan-filovirus vaccine for both Ebola and Marburg viral infections. Vaccine. 2005; 23(23); 3033-3042. [PubMed: 15811650].
  10. Swenson et al., 2008: Swenson DL, Wang D, Luo M, Warfield KL, Woraratanadharm J, Holman DH, Dong JY, Pratt WD. Vaccine to confer to nonhuman primates complete protection against multistrain Ebola and Marburg virus infections. Clinical and vaccine immunology : CVI. 2008; 15(3); 460-467. [PubMed: 18216185].
  11. Wang et al., 2006: Wang D, Schmaljohn AL, Raja NU, Trubey CM, Juompan LY, Luo M, Deitz SB, Yu H, Woraratanadharm J, Holman DH, Moore KM, Swain BM, Pratt WD, Dong JY. De novo syntheses of Marburg virus antigens from adenovirus vectors induce potent humoral and cellular immune responses. Vaccine. 2006 Apr 5; 24(15); 2975-86. [PubMed: 16530297 ].
  12. Warfield et al., 2004: Warfield KL, Swenson DL, Negley DL, Schmaljohn AL, Aman MJ, Bavari S. Marburg virus-like particles protect guinea pigs from lethal Marburg virus infection. Vaccine. 2004 Sep 3; 22(25-26); 3495-502. [PubMed: 15308377 ].

Marek's disease virus

  1. Darteil et al., 1995: Darteil R, Bublot M, Laplace E, Bouquet JF, Audonnet JC, Rivière M. Herpesvirus of turkey recombinant viruses expressing infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) VP2 immunogen induce protection against an IBDV virulent challenge in chickens. Virology. 1995; 211(2); 481-490. [PubMed: 7645252].
  2. Hughes and Rivailler, 2007: Hughes AL, Rivailler P. Phylogeny and recombination history of gallid herpesvirus 2 (Marek's disease virus) genomes. Virus research. 2007; 130(1-2); 28-33. [PubMed: 17566585].
  3. Lee et al., 2003: Lee LE, Witter RL, Reddy SM, Wu P, Yanagida N, Yoshida S. Protection and synergism by recombinant fowl pox vaccines expressing multiple genes from Marek's disease virus. Avian diseases. 2003; 47(3); 549-558. [PubMed: 14562881].

Measles virus

  1. Brinckmann et al., 1991: Brinckmann UG, Bankamp B, Reich A, ter Meulen V, Liebert UG. Efficacy of individual measles virus structural proteins in the protection of rats from measles encephalitis. The Journal of general virology. 1991; 72 ( Pt 10); 2491-2500. [PubMed: 1833505].
  2. Drillien et al., 1988: Drillien R, Spehner D, Kirn A, Giraudon P, Buckland R, Wild F, Lecocq JP. Protection of mice from fatal measles encephalitis by vaccination with vaccinia virus recombinants encoding either the hemagglutinin or the fusion protein. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1988; 85(4); 1252-1256. [PubMed: 3422488].
  3. FDA: Attenuvax: FDA: Attenuvax information []
  4. FDA: MMR-II: FDA: MMR-II []
  5. FDA: ProQuad: FDA: ProQuad Vaccine []
  6. Griffin et al., 2008: Griffin DE, Pan CH, Moss WJ. Measles vaccines. Frontiers in bioscience : a journal and virtual library. 2008; 13; 1352-1370. [PubMed: 17981635].
  7. GSK: Priorix: GSK: Priorix Product Information []
  8. GSK: Priorix-Tetra: GSK: Priorix-Tetra Product Information []
  9. Martinez et al., 1997: Martinez X, Brandt C, Saddallah F, Tougne C, Barrios C, Wild F, Dougan G, Lambert PH, Siegrist CA. DNA immunization circumvents deficient induction of T helper type 1 and cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses in neonates and during early life. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 1997; 94(16); 8726-8731. [PubMed: 9238045].
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